Scaffolding Techniques: A teacher training for cooperative learning in Thailand primary education

By Tippawan Nuntrakune and Ji Yong Park.

Published by The International Journal of Pedagogy and Curriculum

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Article: Electronic $US5.00

The benefits of using cooperative learning include academic achievement, communication skills, problem-solving, social skills and student motivation. Yet it is reported that cooperative learning as a Western educational concept may be ineffective in Asian cultural context. The study aims to investigate utilisation of scaffolding techniques for cooperative learning in Thailand primary mathematics classes. A teacher training program was designed to foster Thai primary school teachers’ cooperative learning implementation that includes the basic tenets of cooperative learning and socio-cognitive based learning. Two teachers participated in this experimental teacher training program for one and a half weeks and then implemented a cooperative learning in their mathematics classes for six weeks. The data collected from teacher interview and classroom observation indicated that both teachers were able to utilise scaffold techniques in their cooperative learning classes. This study showed that difficulty or failure of implementing cooperative learning in Thailand education may not be derived from cultural differences.

Keywords: Cooperative learning, scaffolding, scaffolding questions, proactive scaffolding, reactive scaffolding, Thailand education

International Journal of Pedagogy and Curriculum, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp.103-114. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 289.332KB).

Dr. Tippawan Nuntrakune

Senior Research Assistant, Faculty of Education, QUT, Brisbane, QLD, Australia

Dr Tippawan Nuntrakune's major research interests are in the learning of mathematics, small group processes, classroom discourses, classroom instruction, and student behaviour.

Dr. Ji Yong Park

Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Education, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia

Dr Ji-Yong Park is a Senior Lecturer at Queensland University of Technology, Australia. He has been engaged in three distinct schools, Art & Design, IT and Education because of his peculiar expertises at cross-disciplinary practice, education and research. His research specialties are interaction and interface design for interactive media products, online collaboration in terms of creating a quality online user experience, and the development of innovative, but pedagogically sound education models with online learning management systems. His current research projects are to develop effective delivery models for interdisciplinary/transdisciplinary learning design and interactive learning experience via social network sites in terms of cultural awareness and internationalisation.