Past and Present in Teaching History: Theory and Practice

By Gabriela Gruber and Corina Gruber.

Published by The International Journal of Pedagogy and Curriculum

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The main problem we are analyzing in our paper is related with a question about the nature of History as a science and as a teaching subject. We try to find out if the changes in the didactics of history are real, natural needs, or if they have been artificially introduced in the educational system. Modern and postmodern theories about writing history and contemporary pedagogical demands in the field are analyzed in the first section of the paper. The next paragraphs present the most recent documents regarding teaching History in Romania, their structure and their demands. As supporting material, we analyze the Curriculum on History for different grades and some correspondent History text-books, with their additional materials. Our analyzis will be completed by some opinions expressed by teachers of History from different environments, regarding the efficiency of the old and new methods and strategies in teaching this discipline. The conclusion focuses on the current mindset of teachers of History regarding the analyzed issues.

Keywords: Postmodernism, The Didactics of History, Competencies, Active Learning Methods, Historical Sources, History Teachers`Beliefs

International Journal of Pedagogy and Curriculum, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp.229-239. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 367.119KB).

Gabriela Gruber

University Lecturer, The Private Law and Education Sciences Department, The Faculty of Law, ”Lucian Blaga” University of Sibiu, Sibiu, Sibiu, Romania

Gabriela Gruber is a Ph. D. lecturer with a degree in history. Gruber's interests are divided between contemporary history and the process of teaching social sciences according to the newest methodologies and pedagogical trends. She is also interested in analyzing the differences between the specific teaching approaches made by the apprentice students belonging to different specialties in the social sciences. She has published articles and courses in the fields of history and didactics with publishers in Romania and abroad.

Corina Gruber

Literature Teacher, Sibiu, Sibiu, Romania

Corina Gruber currently works as a literature teacher in “Gheorghe Lazar” National College in Sibiu, Romania where she teaches students aged 14 to 19, preparing them for national exams and other kind of creative literary contests. Gruber also coordinates the school magazine, Lyceum. Gruber graduated from the Master’s program in modernism and postmodernism at the “Lucian Blaga” University in Sibiu in 2007 and has published articles in several Romanian cultural magazines. Gruber has participated in several national and international conferences in Romania and has obtained distinctions for the studies presented there.