Conceptual and Methodological Approach to Effective Teaching Profile in Primary Education of the Spanish Educational System

By Juan Antonio Valdivieso Burón, Miguel Ángel Carbonero Martín and Luis Jorge Martín Antón.

Published by The International Journal of Assessment and Evaluation

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The construction and validation of a rating scale of self-perceived Competence of the Primary School Teachers (ECAD-EP), a teacher profile developed by teachers of primary education in the Spanish educational system, tries to operationalize teaching styles that allow the teacher to discover those features that best demonstrate a high effectiveness. The structure of the scale validity presents a three-dimensional model in the following order: (a) Socio-emotional, composed of the variables: "Coexistence", "Mediation", "Revitalization Group," "Emotional Involvement", "Adapting Communicative," "Communicative Sensitivity," "Empathy" and "Self-efficacy"; (b) Communicative-relational, consisting of the variables: "Assertiveness", "Affective Leadership", "Executive Leadership", "Conflict Resolution", "Nonverbal Communication" and "Paraverbal Communication"; (c) Instructional, which contains the variables: "Adapting to New Situations," "Instructional Control" and "Planning". Thus, the theoretical model of teaching, as defined initially, has appreciating elements and factors that form a multidimensional concept of meaning, including not only factual or behavioral variables, but also cognitive and metacognitive, social and emotional. Therefore, teaching is not only seen as a sequential, linear or uniform process, but circular in nature with a constant interplay between a number of variables or dimensions and multiple hierarchies.

Keywords: Teaching Styles, Evaluation of Teaching, Self-perceived Teaching Competence, Instructional Variables, Teacher Rating Scale

International Journal of Assessment and Evaluation, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp.17-30. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 534.341KB).

Dr. Juan Antonio Valdivieso Burón

Professor, Department of the Educational Psychology, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain

My name is Juan Antonio Valdivieso Burón. I have a PhD in the area of Educational Psychology from the University of Valladolid (Spain) and am a Professor in the Department of Psychology in the Faculty of Education and Social Work at the University of Valladolid (Spain). I belong to a Group of Research Excellence (GIE), coordinated by Professors Doctors D. Miguel Angel Carbonero Martín and D. Luis Jorge Martín Antón. This group develops a line of research focused on teacher training and evaluation and development of efficient, quality teaching strategies, as well as motivating teaching skills. We have specifically constructed and validated a "Scale of Assessment of self-perceived competence of Primary Education Teachers", which provides conceptual and psychometric variables measuring the modulator of teaching in Primary Schools in the Spanish education system today. In addition, other investigations are focused on developing operationally to define a construct of "effective teacher" from the context of Instructional Psychology, Secondary Education.

Miguel Ángel Carbonero Martín

Professor of the University, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Social Work, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain

Luis Jorge Martín Antón

Professor of University, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Social Work, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain