Constructing an Instrument for Evaluating Group Relations in Intercultural Secondary School Classes

By Eva Olmedo Moreno, Eva Aguaded Ramirez, Emilio Berrocal de Luna, Leonor Buendia Eisman, Marcelo Carmona Fernandez, Jorge Exposito Lopez, Marciana Pegalajar Moral, Christian Sanchez Nunez and María Tomé Fernández.

Published by The International Journal of Assessment and Evaluation

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Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: April 25, 2014 $US5.00

In this work, we have built an instrument, and the application and corresponding data allows us to take objective decisions on the phenomenon studied. The purpose of this study is to know what are the strategies, relationships, and situations that — due to ignorance or mismanagement by staff and students — became problematic situations generating a high number of conflicts in the classroom. We chose this as the focus of our study as there is a high demand from different educational agents involved to avoid and work to positively resolve conflicts. The construction of the instrument, to collect such information, has required thoroughness, adaptability to the context, validity, and reliability, as well as considering psychometric characteristics to enable a better and more accurate use of the measures provided. In this procedure, as indicated Muñiz (2010), we consider the theoretical and metrics principles that maximize the validity of the inferences obtained from the study. In fact, the validation of the test began before the empirical development of it, considering that psychometric characteristics, reliability, and validity, are essential in the construction of measuring instruments.

Keywords: Metric Scale, Validity and Reliability, Coexistence, Intercultural Secondary Classrooms

International Journal of Assessment and Evaluation, Volume 21, Issue 1, April 2014, pp.11-21. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: April 25, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 656.198KB)).

Dr. Eva Olmedo Moreno

Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain

Ph.D. Tenured Professor in the Faculty of Education Sciences of the University of Granada (Universidad de Granada). Her teaching area is related to educational research at undergraduate level and in graduate programs. She is currently coordinating the National Research Project “Developing and evaluating intercultural adaptation strategies for improving group relations in secondary schools” EDU2010-22130.

Prof Eva Aguaded Ramirez

Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain

Ph.D. Professor in the Faculty of Education Sciences of the University of Granada (Universidad de Granada). Her teaching area is related to tutorial action and her field of research is intercultural group relations.

Phd Emilio Berrocal de Luna

Professor, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain

Ph.D. Tenured Professor in the Faculty of Education Sciences of the University of Granada (Universidad de Granada). His teaching area is related to educational research at undergraduate level and in graduate programs. His research field is evaluation of intercultural group relations programs.

Dr Leonor Buendia Eisman

University of Granada, Granada, Spain

Ph.D. Full Professor in the Faculty of Education Sciences of the University of Granada (Universidad de Granada). Director of the Official Master’s degree program in Application of Educational Psychology at the University of Granada, as well as the “Innovation and Improvement of Educational Quality in Andalusia” research group (HUM-126). Her teaching area is related to educational research at undergraduate and graduate level.

Phd Marcelo Carmona Fernandez

University of Granada, Granada, Spain

Ph.D. Full Professor in the Faculty of Education Sciences of the University of Granada (Universidad de Granada). Director of the “Human Development and Education” research group. His teaching area is related to psychological education at undergraduate and graduate level.

Dr. Jorge Exposito Lopez

University of Granada, Granada, Spain

Ph.D. Professor in the Faculty of Education Sciences of the University of Granada (Universidad de Granada). His teaching area is related to tutorial action and educational guidance at undergraduate and graduate level. His research field is evaluation of programs in education and tutorial action.

Phd Marciana Pegalajar Moral

University of Granada, Granada, Spain

Ph.D. Tenured Professor in the Faculty of Education Sciences of the University of Granada (Universidad de Granada). Her teaching area is related to educational research and observational methodology at undergraduate level and in graduate programs. Her research field is evaluation of learning strategies in various contexts.

Christian Sanchez Nunez

University of Granada, Spain

Ph.D. Professor in the Faculty of Education Sciences of the University of Granada (Universidad de Granada). His teaching area is related to observational methodology. His research field is intercultural group relations.

Dr. María Tomé Fernández

University of Zaragoza--Teruel Campus, Zaragoza, Spain

Ph.D. Professor in the Faculty of Education Sciences of the University of Zaragoza, Teruel Campus (Universidad de Zaragoza-Campus de Teruel). Her teaching area is related to educational research. Her research field is intercultural group relations and values.