Six Techniques for Creating Variety in the Concordance-based Cloze Item Type

By Kunlaphak Kongsuwannakul.

Published by The International Journal of Assessment and Evaluation

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: March 31, 2015 $US5.00

Concordance-based cloze testing has appeared in the literature for over two decades, but very few researchers and test designers have investigated this item type thoroughly. As no one has ever explored its potential malleability in design into various item formats, this paper draws on practical insights from my hands-on experience with this item type, dealing specifically with techniques for creating its variety. The techniques are generate item and test specifications, determine the accessibility of the concordances, select distractors rigorously, swap the supply type and the selection type, set the target genre(s), and vary the presentations of the Key-Words-in-Context (KWICs) and concordances. An immediate usefulness of these techniques is direct applicability of these variations in design to classroom settings, enhancing English language learning experience, be it for practice or assessment purposes.

Keywords: Concordance-based Cloze, Item Design, Design Techniques

The International Journal of Assessment and Evaluation, Volume 22, Issue 2, June 2015, pp.23-35. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: March 31, 2015 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.543MB)).

Kunlaphak Kongsuwannakul

Student, School of Foreign Languages, Suranaree University of Technology, Muang, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand