Gender Differences in Mathematics: Self-efficacy, Belief about Intelligence, and Academic Achievement

By Sadaf Naz, S. Manzoor Hussain Shah and Abdul Rehman Madni.

Published by The International Journal of Assessment and Evaluation

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: May 25, 2016 $US5.00

The current study was conducted to explore gender differences in terms of mathematics self-efficacy, belief about intelligence, and academic achievement. The hypotheses tested in this study were: a) there is no significant difference in mathematics self-efficacy scores of male and female respondents, b) there is no significant gender difference in students’ beliefs about intelligence, and c) there is no significant gender difference in students’ academic achievements. The sample of the study comprised of 450 (302 male and 148 female) students of MSc Mathematics programs and was taken from seven public sector universities in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Two instruments were used; one was the mathematics self-efficacy scale while the other was the belief about intelligence scale. Participants’ mathematics scores in their previous exams were used as a measure of academic achievement. A comparison of male and female students in mathematics self-efficacy, beliefs about intelligence, and academic achievement scores revealed that male students had significantly higher mathematics self-efficacy, exhibit an incremental ability, and had higher mathematics achievement than their female counterparts.

Keywords: Academic Achievement, Entity Ability, Gender Differences, Incremental Ability, Self-efficacy

The International Journal of Assessment and Evaluation, Volume 23, Issue 3, September 2016, pp.1-9. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: May 25, 2016 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 900.279KB)).

Sadaf Naz

Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Hazara University Mansehra Pakistan, Hazara University, Mansehra, Pakistan, Pakistan

Prof.Dr S. Manzoor Hussain Shah

Dr, Chairman Department of Education,, Hazara University, KP Pakistan, Allama Iqbal Open University, Pakistan, Islamabad, Pakistan, Pakistan

Mr. Abdul Rehman Madni

Professor, Department of Education, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan