Nigerian Parents’ Awareness/Level of Involvement in the Early Literacy Development of their Children: Role in the Declining Standard of Education

By Chimezie Njoku, Esther Formsi and Jerome Anyanwu.

Published by The International Journal of Literacies

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Article: Electronic $US5.00

This study was conducted to determine the Nigerian parents’ awareness and their level of involvement in the early literacy development of their children and its role in the fallen standard of education in Nigeria. Four research questions were raised. A questionnaire titled: Parental Early Literacy Involvement Questionnaire (PELIQ) was used to obtain data from 200 parents from 20 pre-primary schools in Port Harcourt Local Government area of Rivers State Nigeria. The questionnaire had two sections; namely, sections A and B respectively. Section A obtained the demographic features and bio-data of parents while section B determined the awareness, various modes, level of involvement and the challenges they faced. Simple percentages, mean, standard deviation and chi square were used to answer the research questions. The study revealed among other things that both the awareness level and level of involvement of Nigerian parents in the early literacy development of their children is very low. This is one of the major reasons while the standard of Nigerian education is dropping by the day. Parental early literacy development involvement positively affects their school performance including higher academic achievement and also improves their social and emotional development. The researchers, therefore recommended that Parents should assume their responsibilities in their children’s early literacy developments and that the schools and other stakeholders should create the awareness among parents on different ways they can get involved in helping their children develop their literacy skills and the schools should also help by involving parents in school programs that targets early literacy development.

Keywords: Early literacy skills acquisition Parental Involvement, Nigerian Parents

The International Journal of Literacies, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp.53-65. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 282.705KB).

Dr. Chimezie Njoku

Lecturer, Faculty of Education, Department of Curriculum Studies and Educational Technology, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

Njoku, Chimezie is a lecturer in the Department of Curriculum Studies and Educational Technology, Faculty of Education, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. She has a PhD and majors in Social Studies Education and Curriculum Instruction. She has ICT in Teaching, early literacy and parental involvement as her areas of interest.

Esther Formsi

Lecturer, Department of Curriculum Studies and Educational Technology, Faculty of Education, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

Fomsi, Esther is a lecturer in the Department of Curriculum Studies and Educational Technology, Faculty of Education, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. She is a doctoral student of the same department majoring in Educational Technology with Information Technology as her area of Interest.

Dr. Jerome Anyanwu

Lecturer, Department of Curriculum Studies and Educational Technology, Faculty of Education, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

Jerome Anyanwu holds a B Ed in social studies from University of Education Port Harcourt, Nigeria; and an M Ed and a PhD in social studies from the University of Port Harcourt. He is a lecturer in the Faculty of Education, University of Port Harcourt. His research interest is in innovative teaching methods.