Detecting Emotions by Observing Nonverbal Behaviors of Preschoolers during Narration and Movie Presentation of a Fairy Tale

By Panagiotis J. Stamatis, Vasileios Papavasileiou and Afrodite Ntouka.

Published by The International Journal of Early Childhood Learning

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The purpose of this research is to comparatively investigate teaching effectiveness by observing nonverbal behaviors of preschoolers between two classroom activities, narration (traditional teaching), and virtual representation of a fairy tale (computer-mediated instruction). To conduct this qualitative research, case study was considered as the basic method. The sample consisted of preschoolers, all of them participants at the same Rhodian kindergarten classroom. "Little Red Riding Hood" fairy tale was presented by teacher to preschoolers in two ways, first with traditional narration and then with a movie made by research team. Data collection was performed by participant observation. The comparison focused on emotions of preschoolers as revealed by their non-verbal behaviors while children participated in both instructional activities, and primarily by their facial expressions and body movements.
The data analysis indicates that the emotional responses of preschoolers during the presentation of the movie, as revealed by their facial expressions and body movements, were stronger and their interest was more increased. Based on the research findings, it is concluded that use of computer and other ICT equipment by teachers in a fairy tale narration, could increase the interest of preschoolers, achieving this way a better participation within the framework of an effective teaching.

Keywords: Nonverbal Communication, Narration, Computer-mediated Instruction

The International Journal of Early Childhood Learning, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp.13-22. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 225.687KB).

Ass. Prof. Panagiotis J. Stamatis

Lecturer, University of the Aegean, Department of Sciences of Preschool Education and Educational design, University of the Aegean, Rhodes, Greece

Panagiotis J. Stamatis was born in Rhodes. Initially, he studied the Sciences of Education in Pedagogical Academy of Mytilene, and then he continued his studies in Dept. of Preschool Education and in Dept. of Elementary Education, University of the Aegean. Also, he studied in Teachers' Training Center "Alexander Delmouzos", University of the Aegean, where he completed a two-year cycle of Further Teaching Training in General Education. In the Department of Sciences of Preschool Education and Educational Design of University of the Aegean, he completed his doctoral thesis. From 1989 to 2012 he worked in Primary Education, reaping great teaching and administrative experience. He left Primary Education while he was a School Counselor, when he was appointed in the University of the Aegean where, on 2009, he was elected in the Department of Sciences of Preschool Education and Educational Design at the rank of Lecturer in the field of "Communication in Preschool and Early Primary School Education".

Dr. Vasileios Papavasileiou

Associate Lecturer, Department of Pre-school Education and Educational Design, University of the Aegean, Rhodes, -, Greece

Dr. Papavasiliou, Vasileios is a graduate of the Philology Department of the University of Crete. He has a Master’s degree in Environmental Education and holds a PhD from the University of the Aegean. He teaches as an Associate Lecturer at the Department of Pre-Education and Educational Design in the Faculty of Humanities at the University of the Aegean in Greece. His research interest includes both Environmental Education in Science of Education and Education for Sustainable Development, with publications in Greek and international journals and papers in national and international conferences.

Afrodite Ntouka

Student, Department of Preschool Education and Educational Design, University of the Aegean, Rhodes, Greece

Afrodite Ntouka was born in Rhodes. She studies the Sciences of Preschool Education and Educational Design in the University of the Aegean