Factors Related to the Numerical Ability of Children with Down Syndrome

By Garyfalia Charitaki, George Baralis, Stavroula Polychronopoulou, Dionyssios Lappas and Spyridon Georgios Soulis.

Published by The International Journal of Early Childhood Learning

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Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: August 6, 2014 $US5.00

This descriptive study aimed to investigate the effects of family characteristics on the development of the numerical ability and mathematical competence of Greek children with Down syndrome. The participants were comprised of forty children with Down syndrome enrolled in special school programs, aged between seven and fourteen (M=10.07, SD=2.06). Data was gathered during the last term of 2013 via questionnaires taken by the parents and teachers of the participants. Results indicated that child-associated variables (such as gender and chronological age) are correlated both to numerical ability and mathematical competence, as measured through the Academic Attainments Index (arithmetic scale) and the Utrecht Early Numeracy Test. Parental and socio-economic variables were also examined for their influence on numerical ability, with a correlation between the two scales that were used. The research discovered a clear differentiation in the basic mathematical performance between boys and girls with Down syndrome; girls seem to have a stronger level of basic skills for populations of typically developing children and those with the disorder.

Keywords: Down Syndrome, Primary Education, Multivariable Analysis

The International Journal of Early Childhood Learning, Volume 21, Issue 1, August 2014, pp.1-17. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: August 6, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 915.224KB)).

Garyfalia Charitaki

PhD Candidate, Faculty of Primary Education, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Attica, Greece

Assist. Prof. George Baralis

Assistant Professor, Faculty of Primary Education, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Attica, Greece

Prof. Stavroula Polychronopoulou

Professor, Faculty of Primary Education, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Attica, Greece

Assoc. Prof. Dionyssios Lappas

Associate Professor, Department of Mathematics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Attica, Greece

Assist. Prof. Spyridon Georgios Soulis

Assistant Professor, Faculty of Primary Education, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece