Analyzing the Effects of Play Activities on the Development of Receptive and Productive Language of Children

By Ender Durualp and Neriman Aral.

Published by The International Journal of Early Childhood Learning

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This study aims to determine the effects of play activities on the development of receptive and productive language of five-year-old kindergarten children (60–72 months). The research was carried out in kindergartens of two elementary schools affiliated with the Ministry of Education in the city center of Çankırı. One of these schools acted as the experimental group (40 children) and the other as the control group (40 children). Pretest-posttest control group quasi-experimental design was used to determine the impact of play activities in this study. Data were collected with the “Family Information Form” and “Brigance Inventory of Early Development II (the subtest of development of receptive and productive language)” adapted by Aral et al. Play activities were applied three times a week for a period of eight weeks in addition to the experimental group’s preschool education program. The preschool education program, which was prepared and administered by the kindergarten’s teachers, was implemented on the children in the control group. The Mann Whitney U test was used to analyze the data. The results showed a significant difference between the mean scores of the subtest of development of receptive and productive language, and pre and posttests of experimental and control group children (p<0,05).

Keywords: Preschool Period, Preschool Education, Receptive Language, Productive Language, Play

The International Journal of Early Childhood Learning, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp.39-49. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 329.075KB).

Assist. Prof. Dr. Ender Durualp

Assistant Professor, Child Development, Cankiri Karatekin University School of Health, Department of Child Development, Cankiri, Turkey

Ender Durualp graduated from Istanbul University’s Florence Nightingale School of Nursing in 1995. She received her expert of science degree (M.Sc.) in 1999 with her thesis entitled “The Effects of Giving Catheter Care Education to Newborn Intensive Care Unit Nurses on the Type of Agents and Colonization in the Umbilical Catheter”. She worked as a nurse in International Hospital and Istanbul University Cerrahpaşa Medical School between 1995 and 2002, after which she became a lecturer in Ankara University’s Çankiri School of Health. She received a second expert of science degree (M.Sc.) from Ankara University’s School of Home Economics, Department of Child Development and Education with her thesis entitled “Test Anxiety Levels in Eighth Graders Preparing for Secondary Education Student Selection and Placement Examination: The Sample of Çankırı”. Then, she received a PhD from the same University and Department with her thesis entitled “A Study on the Effects of Play-based Social Skills Training on Social Adaptation and Skills of Six Year Old Preschool Children: Sample of Cankırı”. She is working as head of child development department at Çankırı Karatekin University’s School of Health.

Dr. Neriman Aral

Prof. Dr., Child Development, Ankara University Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Child Development, Ankara, Turkey

Prof. Dr. Neriman ARAL was born in Ankara in 1960. She completed her higher education in 1983 at the Department of Child Development and Education of Hacettepe University. She gained her master’s degree in 1986 from Hacettepe University with the thesis of “Frostig Visual Perception Test and Examination of Visual Perception Behaviour of the, 4–8 year old Children with Cerebral Palsy Based on the Education Program”. She worked as a Child Development and Education Expert in a center dedicated to the education and rehabilitation of the children with Cerebral Palsy in 1983–1986. She was assigned as research assistant in 1987 at the major of Child Development of School of Home Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Ankara University. She obtained a doctorate degree with the thesis of “A research on some factors affecting the creativity of the nine-year-old girls and boys at the lower and upper socioeconomic level” from Ankara University in 1990 and again with the thesis whose subject is “Examination of the creativity and interests of the students who are studying at the third class of secondary school as different socio-economic levels according to some variants” from Hacettepe University in 1992. She was assigned as assistant professor in 1992. She became an associate professor at university in 1995. She still works as a lecturer at the department of Child Development at the Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara University. She was married and has a child. She wrote articles that were published, regarding child development and education, and she wrote books about the same and practice books for the children of 3–6 year-group.