Investigating the Determinants of Higher Education Mobility into European Union Countries

By Blanca Moreno and Ana Salomé García Muñiz.

Published by The International Journal of Learning in Higher Education

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

One of the objectives of the European Higher Education Area is to promote student mobility. Mobility brings economic benefits for sending and receiving countries, improves the international curricula for students going abroad, and also increases the internationalisation for home students as they work in diverse national cultures. Therefore, as both sending and receiving countries benefit from increased student mobility, European Higher Education policies should also lead to a more balanced flow of incoming and outgoing students. There are many economic and social factors that affect students’ decision to move abroad and their enrolment in a host university. The purpose of this paper is to provide an empirical investigation into mobility determinants in the European Union. In fact, we develop econometric panel models to explore the relationship between tertiary student mobility (outbound and inbound mobility rates) and some variables by using data sets provided by the Statistics Office of the European Communities from 1998–2008. The results show the important role played by income and income-related supplements such as grants and loans in promoting widespread tertiary student mobility. Moreover, host university quality or the host country languages are found to be significant determinants in the enrolment of students abroad in a host country. Moreover, results also reveal that country’s characteristics can affect tertiary student mobility. These results suggest the existence of significant differences between countries, implying that financial and economic variables should be considered at country level in order to make a Joint European Union mobility Policy and, therefore, policy recommendations could differ in each country.

Keywords: Higher Education, European Higher Education Area, Student Mobility

The International Journal of Learning in Higher Education, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp.13-27. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 229.190KB).

Dr. Blanca Moreno

Associate Professor, Department of Applied Economics, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Principado de Asturias, Spain

Blanca Moreno Cuartas is Associate Professor of Applied Economics at the University of Oviedo (Spain). She had received her Master of Science in University of Pompeu-Fabra at Barcelona (Spain) and her Ph.D in University of Oviedo (Spain). She has been involved in several e-learning projects and she takes active part in the work of several different e-learning methodologies. Actually, she participates in the OpenCourseWare (OCW) at the University of Oviedo which is a project in coordination with OCW-MIT (The Massachusetts Institute of Technology) and the OCW Universia Consortium to promote free and unlimited access to learning. Her areas of interests include the use entropy techniques to the regional, social and energy modelling and forecasting but also the study of the links between globalization and the internationalization of university curricula. She has been in the Regional Economics Applications Laboratory (REAL) at the University of Illinois as a visitor scholar. Her research has been published in some international journals as Journal of Forecasting, Applied Economics Letters, Renewable & Sustainable Energy Review and The Spanish Journal of Psychology among others.

Dr. Ana Salomé García Muñiz

Associate Professor, Department of Applied Economics, Univesrity of Oviedo, Oviedo, Principado de Asturias, Spain

Ana Salomé García Muñiz is a Professor Of Applied Economics at the University of Oviedo (Spain). She is PhD in Economics at the University of Oviedo (2006) and bachelor in economic sciences at the same University (1997). Her research activities are related to network theory, input-output models and impact of higher education curricular. She has been involved in several e-learning projects. She has published several articles in international journals (Social Networks, Annals of Regional Science, Papers in Regional Science, Regional Studies).