Students’ Academic Performance and Employability: A Study on Italian Undergraduates

By Maria Elisa Maiolo, Riccardo Giorgio Zuffo and Michela Cortini.

Published by The International Journal of Learning in Higher Education

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Nowadays, a very high level of unemployment constitutes the normal structure of individuals’ work life in Italy. Organizational changes (i.e. m&a, layoffs or downsizing) lead individuals to job insecurity (Sverke & Hellgren, 2002) and thus to a natural decline in job performance and self-perceived employability. This paper analysed the differences in academic performance in comparison to ambition, self-perceived employability and university commitment (Rothwell et al. 2008) and the psychometric properties of the above mentioned scales. We assumed that students will be more motivated to perform well in education if they believe that their efforts will lead to the “right job” – rather than the “secure one” (Ortiz, 2008). An initial Italian validation of Rothwell’s et al. (2008) scales has been done and differences in ambition, self-perceived employability and high performance among students was verified in a sample of 115 senior-year students. Results and practical implications are then described.

Keywords: Overeducation, Self-Perceived Employability, Ambition, Exploratory Factor Analysis

The International Journal of Learning in Higher Education, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp.49-60. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 396.086KB).

PhD Maria Elisa Maiolo

PhD Student, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University “G. d’Annunzio” of Chieti, Chieti, Italy

M. Elisa Maiolo is a PhD student in work and organisational psychology at the University of Chieti (Italy). Her fields of interest are: education, vocational guidance and job placement of young people.

Prof. Riccardo Giorgio Zuffo

Associate Professor, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University “G. d’Annunzio” of Chieti, Chieti, Italy

Prof. Michela Cortini

Researcher, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University “G. d’Annunzio” of Chieti, Chieti, Italy