The aim of this paper is to examine the relationship between family structure and educational failure among adolescents living in Spain, as measured by the probability of having repeated a year. In this research we consider the type of family structure, as well as the type and number of family transitions. The literature highlights a number of mediating factors between family structure and educational outcomes, such as household socioeconomic level, and intra-family processes (i.e. parenting styles, etc.). To complete this information, we also take into account a number of factors related to the school context and socio-demographic characteristics. The sample is composed of 21576 Spanish adolescents aged between 11 and 18 and has been drawn from the HBSC Survey (Health Behavior in School-Aged Children Survey) of 2006. The results confirm the importance of the socioeconomic status of the household and the nature of parent-child relationships in explaining the influence of family structure on the likelihood of school failure among adolescents.
|Keywords:||Educational Attainment, School Failure, Academic Performance, Family Structure|
Predoctoral Researcher, Center for Human and Social Sciences, Spanish National Research Council, Madrid, Spain