Education for Inclusion: The Case of the Basque Country (Spain)
Events in the educational milieu are primarily social phenomena. Educational systems do not operate autonomously but are woven into the fabric of society and reveal much about its condition. Educational systems of today bear little resemblance to those of the past, for rapid social change has brought about an extraordinary diversity and heterogeneity in student populations—a source of continual tension in the school environment. Given the primary objective of providing equal educational opportunities for all students, the degree to which diversity is present represents a major issue for schools (or educational centres). Moreover, education becomes a key indicator of social integration, as reflected in the distribution—equal or unequal—of public educational and collaborative private educational resources. This article presents a study of these issues and how they are addressed, in practice, in the Basque Country, an Autonomous Community in northern Spain.
||Education, Equity, Diversity, Social integration Educational Center Ownership, Inclusion
International Journal of Learner Diversity and Identities, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp.47-63.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.807MB).
Professor of Sociology, Department of Sociology, University of the Basque Country (UPV-EHU), Spain
Alfonso Unceta Satrustegui is a Sociologist (University of Deusto-Bilbao), received his PhD in Political Sciences and Sociology (University of the Basque Country–UPV–EHU), and has been a Professor at the University of the Basque Country (UPV–EHU) since 1986. He was the Vice–Counsellor of Education in the Basque Government (1995–2001) and Director of the Department of Sociology II at the UPV–EHU (2005–2006). He has been the Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences and Communication at the UPV–EHU since 2006, and he has headed the Professional Master of Knowledge Management since 2007. He was awarded the Euskoiker Prize for Social Science Investigation in 2004 and the Jesús María Leizaola Prize for Investigation in 2005. He has been a member of the Governing Council of the UPV–EHU since 2007. He is a researcher in numerous R&D competitive projects and main R&D contracts; he has published more than fifty different papers and books on academic change in education, social responsibility, participation and social innovation. He is also the Director of SINNERGIAK, Social Innovation Centre at Euskampus–Campus of International Excellence (2011).