Usage of Professional Time among Malaysian Japanese Language Teachers

By Chooi Kean Ang and Mohamed Amin Embi.

Published by The International Journal of Educational Organization and Leadership

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The recent educational changes brought about by the new communicative-based syllabus place heavy demands on Malaysian secondary schools’ Japanese language teachers to revise and upgrade their knowledge and skills in curriculum planning and instructional strategies. As little is known about the specific professional activities (including Internet usage) among Japanese language teachers, the purpose of this study was to examine the usage of professional time spent on general activities and Japanese language-related activities, specifically the Internet usage for professional purposes during school hours and weekends.
This descriptive study employed an online questionnaire purposively administered to 45 teachers for data collection. The total number of respondents within the specified time of the study was 21 teachers. The quantitative data was analyzed based on percentage of usage according to the types of professional activities and excerpts from the responses of the questionnaire’s open items, which were used to support and triangulate the findings. The findings indicated that the main Internet activities performed were e-mailing and web browsing. Respondents were involved in online professional activities mainly to search for teaching materials(76.2%) and search for teaching and learning-related information (76.2%) and to read online materials (71.4%) during school hours. Generally, the findings indicated that other than preparing lessons and evaluating students’ work, the respondents did not perform actual professional activities during school hours, mainly due to demands of other pressing duties. Overall, the degree of usage for all professional activities indicated was found to be lower during the weekends compared to during school hours.

Keywords: Professional Time, Internet Usage, Japanese Language Teachers, Malaysian Secondary Schools

The International Journal of Educational Organization and Leadership, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp.29-40. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 315.301KB).

Chooi Kean Ang

Lecturer, International Languages Department, Institute of Teacher Education, International Languages Campus, Kuala Lumpur, Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Chooi Kean Ang is currently involved in an intensive Japanese language teacher training programme of in-service teachers, and holds Master degrees in educational administration and management, and Japanese language and culture. Chooi Kean Ang's current research interests comprise learner-centred instructional strategies, facilitation of learning awareness and self-monitoring, and teachers' continuous professional development.

Prof. Dr. Mohamed Amin Embi

Deputy Director of E-learning, Centre for Academic Advancement, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Dr. Mohamed Amin is a professor of technology-enhanced learning at the Faculty of Education, UKM. He is the recipient of the ISESCO Science Laureate 2010 and National Academic Award 2006