The Style of Solving Conflict Situations, Demonstration of Harmony in Work, and Compatibility Depending on Individual Psychological Characteristics of Secondary School Principals in Latvia

By Valerijs Dombrovskis, Svetlana Guseva and Vadims Murasovs.

Published by The International Journal of Educational Organization and Leadership

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The present study examines the relationship between the style of solving conflict situations and demonstration of harmony in work and compatibility in cooperation depending on individual psychological characteristics of secondary school principals in Latvia. Educational process involves both direct and indirect verbal and non-verbal interaction between principals and teachers. The peculiarities of this interaction influence successful team cooperation and sustainable school work. The study is based on Thomas-Kilmann Conflict Mode Instrument (TKI), N.Obozov method “Harmony in work and Compatibility of teaching staff” and Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI). The main results indicate that there is a statistically significant correlation between individual psychological characteristics of secondary school principal’s personality and style of solving conflict situations. The tactics of solving conflict situations demonstrate sustainable indicators of reaction: introverts choose “avoiding” style, while extraverts—“competing”. The study has discovered positive statistically significant correlation between compatibility and the following styles of solving conflict situations: “collaborating”, “compromising” and “accommodating”. Harmony in work and compatibility in cooperation is assessed as weak among introverts, and as satisfactory among extraverts. The study has not discovered any statistically significant differences between demonstration of harmony in work and individual psychological characteristics of principals’ personalities. The study offers a possibility to forecast school principal’s behaviour in conflict situations. The overall results can be applied to improve professional selection of managerial personnel in the system of education in Latvia.
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Keywords: Compatibility, Extraversion/Introversion, Harmony in Work, Style of Solving Conflict Situations

The International Journal of Educational Organization and Leadership, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp.55-64. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 171.330KB).

Dr. Valerijs Dombrovskis

Docent, The Department of Pedagogy and Educational Psychology, Daugavpils University, Daugavpils, Latvia

Valerijs Dombrovskis is a docent at Daugavpils University, Faculty of Educational and Management, Department of Pedagogy and Educational Psychology. He has obtained doctor degree in Latvian University. Valerijs is engaged in successful cooperation with the Baltic and Black Sea circle Consortium in Educational Research (BBCC). He is an expert of Latvian Council of Sciences in psychology. Valerijs is a participant in the organisation and management of different professional development courses for university lecturers, school teachers, the unemployed and other interested parties. The one of the area of his research is reorienting teacher education towards the aim of sustainability.

Dr. Svetlana Guseva

Docent, Department of Pedagogy and Educational Psychology, Daugavpils University, Daugavpils, Latvia

Svetlana Guseva is a docent of the Department of the Pedagogy and Educational Psychology at Daugavpils University (Latvia). Svetlana Guseva has graduated the Psychological Insitute of Russian Educational Academy. Research interests are emphasised in pre-school education, remedial work and self-direct learning motivation of adolescents.

Dr Vadims Murasovs

Lecturer, Lärkkulla Folk Academy, Karis, Finland

Lecturer at Lärkkulla Folk Academy, Finland. MA(Psych), MA(Baltic Studies), MA(International Relations).