The Development and Validation of a Distributed Leadership Scale

By Pai-Lu Wu, Ruei-Yuan Liao, Hui-Ju Wu and Pei-Chen Wu.

Published by The International Journal of Educational Organization and Leadership

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: May 9, 2014 $US5.00

The present study explored the incremental validity of distributed leadership. We measured a goodness-of-fit model for distributed leadership; analyzed the discriminant and concurrent validities for distributed leadership, participative leadership, and collective leadership; and examined four proposed hypotheses. The study sample consisted of 557 vocational high school faculty members from Taiwan. Five different scales for each leadership type, overall job satisfaction, and affective commitment were used. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), χ2, and hierarchical regression were used to analyze the data. There were four major findings. The distributed leadership scale demonstrated excellent goodness of fit for the model. All leadership types had discriminant validity. All aspects of each type of leadership were significantly correlated with outstanding concurrent validity. Finally, empirical support was found for all four proposed hypotheses.

Keywords: Distributed Leadership, Scale Development, Incremental Validity

The International Journal of Educational Organization and Leadership, Volume 20, Issue 2, May 2014, pp.13-27. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: May 9, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 524.821KB)).

Prof. Pai-Lu Wu

Professor, Center for Teacher Education, Cheng Shiu University, Niaosong, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Ruei-Yuan Liao

Doctorial Student, Institute of Human Resource Management, National Sun Yat-sen University, Gushan, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Hui-Ju Wu

Doctorial Student, Secondary Education Department, College of Education, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA

Hui-Ju Wu has taught English in junior high school in Taiwan. She received her master’s degree in Curriculum and Instruction in Salem International University, WV, U.S.A. Currently, she is in the doctoral program in Second Language Acquisition and Instructional Technology (SLA/IT) at University of South Florida (USF), U.S.A. She is interested in teaching English as a foreign language and computer-assisted language teaching and learning.

Pei-Chen Wu

Second year of PhD, Educational Measurement and Research, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA