Dropout: A Study of Behavioral Risk Factors among High School Students

By Judith Hoover and Jeffry Cozzens.

Published by The International Journal of Educational Organization and Leadership

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: September 20, 2016 $US5.00

The purpose of this research was to determine if correlations existed between behavioral risk factors and graduation from high school. The behavioral risk factors included attendance and office referrals. The researcher collected data from 947 students from two school districts regarding the aforementioned variables. This study found that significant statistical correlations existed between behavioral factors such as attendance and office referrals and graduation. Findings indicated that students who were likely to miss school habitually were also likely to dropout. Discipline issues were also found to affect graduation. Specifically, this study found that as the number of office referrals increased, the likelihood of graduation decreased. This study is important because it adds to current research relating to risk factors that impede graduation. Leadership teams can design early warning data systems to track risk factors that could lead to high school dropout. Principals could use this system to track students and target those in need of support.

Keywords: Dropout, Risk Factors, High School, Graduation

The International Journal of Educational Organization and Leadership, Volume 23, Issue 4, December 2016, pp.13-23. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: September 20, 2016 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 341.228KB)).

Dr. Judith Hoover

Director of Instruction, Curriculum, and Assessment, Office of Instructional Leadership, Crockett County Board of Education, Alamo, Tennessee, USA

Dr. Jeffry Cozzens

Director of Instructional Leadership, Office of Instructional Leadership, Freed-Hardeman University, Henderson, Tennessee, USA