Professionalism of Teachers in Africa for Capacity building towards the Achievement of basic Education: Challenges and Obstacles for Introspection
Characteristics common to all professions relate to knowledge and skills based on long period of protracted training, autonomy in decision-making, professional responsibility, complete control over licensure and entry standards. Barriers to formal professional status of teachers are connected to lack of unity, resources, low status, lack of prestige and fairly low calibre in the intake of teachers. There is absolute despondency of teachers towards teaching in most parts of the world and this influences their performance. This paper analyses the theoretical orientations of professionalism and discusses the challenges and obstacles facing the professionalism of teachers in Africa with special reference to Botswana and the role the Government can play to professionalise teachers and teaching.
||Capacity Building, Challenges, Job Satisfaction, Professionalism, Progressive Promotion, Unified Professional Teaching Council
The International Journal of Learning, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp.35-42.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 512.320KB).
Lecturer, Faculty of Education, Department of Languages and Social Sciences Education., University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana
Dr. Nana Adu-Pipim Boaduo FRC was born and bred in Ghana. After graduating in 1973 as a professional certificated teacher from Offinso Teachers College, he taught at Methodist primary school, Eduadin, Ashanti Region of Ghana. From October 1974 he studied at the University of Cape Coast Winneba campus at the Advanced Teachers College where he specialised in the teaching of Geography. From September 1976 to August 1980, he worked for the Ministry of Education and taught Geography and Akan at Agogo State Secondary School, Agogo in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. While in southern Africa he studied with the College of Preceptors, UK [1986-1988] and obtained ACP and LCP qualifications respectively. From 1993 to 2001, Dr. Boaduo studied with Vista University for his M.Ed.  and PhD  and the University of the Free State for Masters in Development Studies ( MDS .)
In September 1980, Dr. Boaduo embarked on his African tour. Worked in Nigeria as Geography and Mathematics teacher at Uavande Girls Secondary School, Aliade in Benue State, in the Kingdom of Lesotho in January 1984 where he taught Geography and Mathematics at St. Thomas and Letsie High Schools in 1984 and 1985 respectively. From January 1986 to April 1987 Dr. Boaduo worked at the homeland of Transkei where he taught School Organization at Clarkebury College of Education as a temporary lecturer. In May 1987, he taught Geography and English as second language in the then homeland of Venda at Lwenzhe Senior Secondary School. From March 1992 up until December 2001, Dr. Boaduo served in different capacities at Lemana College of Education, first as a lecturer [1992-193], and lectured in Geography content and methods; then as a senior lecturer [1994-95] in educational psychology and research methods and finally as Head of Department [1996 to 2001]. From 1998 until he joined the University of Botswana in August 2004 he was Geography subject advisor at the Southpansberg District of the Limpopo Province in South Africa (1998-2001) and an educational research consultant (2001- date).
He has published numerous articles and presented papers at workshops, conferences and seminars all over Africa. Currently he is awaiting the release of his book series for teacher training in Africa from Trafford Publishers in the USA.
Currently, Dr. Boaduo is a Lecturer in the Faculty of Education at the University of Botswana in the Department of Languages and Social Sciences Education, and lectures Social Studies and research methods in Education including the supervision of practical teaching and B.Ed. and M.Ed research thesis.
His interests are in research in education, development studies especially in relation to rural development and development of instruction materials for effective and efficient teaching.
Teacher Advisor, Ministry of Education, Gaborone, Botswana
Saline Monicah Babitseng studied at Francistown College of Education and started teaching in 1986. In 1999 she got admission to the University of Botswana where she studied for the B.Ed. degree and completed in 2003. In 2004 she registered for the M.Ed. degree and was conferred with the degree in 2006. Currently she teaches at Nkoyaphiri Primary School in Mogoditshane, near Gaborone. Her research interests are in modern trends in teacher education, research in learners schooling problems and the development of instructional materials for effective and efficient teaching in primary schools. She is also teacher advisor in languages.
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