The Relation between Pre-Service Teachers’ Computer Self-Efficacy Believes and Attitudes Towards Internet Use

By Muhammet Ozden, Sayim Aktay, Fatih Yilmaz and Dondu Ozdemir.

Published by The Learner Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The use of Internet and technology such as computers in teaching environments might be regarded as a massive information and service resource that help people in the field of education to notice various educational concepts. Relevant research in the field shows that educational practitioners generally have negative attitudes toward technology use in classrooms. These negative attitudes may change according to some factors such as teachers’ gender, age, communication abilities, computer experiences, and the frequency of computer use. In this regard, to identify the current conditions, it is crucial to determine teachers’ computer self-efficacy perceptions and their attitudes towards Internet. Regarding this fact the aim of the present study is to determine the computer self-efficacy and Internet attitudes of pre-service teachers and to examine the relation between these two factors. Thus, it is investigated whether the levels of self-efficacy beliefs toward computer and Internet use differ in terms of gender, the major and grade of the participants. The study is designed with survey model and conducted with 125 students enrolled in Primary Education and Social Science Education at Education Faculty of Dumlupinar University in Turkey. The data collected via “Computer Self-Efficacy Scale” developed by Askar and Umay (2001) and “Attitude Scale towards Internet Use” developed by Keser and Tavsancil (2002). The data is analyzed through frequency, percentage and mean value as well as t-test and one-way ANOVA for group comparison, besides to find which group causes the difference in the group comparison, a postHoc Tukey HSD test is employed. Furthermore, correlation analysis is carried out to investigate the relation between computer self-efficacy perceptions and attitudes toward Internet. Consequently, it is found that pre-service teachers have mid- level self-efficacy perceptions related to computers, while their attitudes toward Internet use is at high level. Additionally, it is obtained that the self-efficacy perceptions about computer use do not differ according to gender and major, on the other hand, a significant difference for grade variable for 4th grade students is found. Additionally, for the attitudes towards Internet use, there is no significant difference in terms of gender, major and grade, whereas positive and significant relationship between self-efficacy perceptions about computer and attitudes toward Internet use are obtained.

Keywords: Computer Self-Efficacy, Attitude Towards Internet Use, Teacher Training

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp.53-60. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 589.336KB).

Dr. Muhammet Ozden

Research Assistant, Department of Primary Education, Faculty of Education, Anadolu University, Eskisehir, Turkey

Dr. Sayim Aktay

Research Assistant, Department of Primary Education, Faculty of Education, Anadolu University, Eskisehir, Turkey

Fatih Yilmaz

Research Assistant, Department of Primary Education, Faculty of Education, Anadolu University, Eskisehir, Turkey

Dondu Ozdemir

Research Assistant, Department of Primary Education, Faculty of Education, Dumlupinar University, Kutahya, Turkey


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