The Relationship between Emotional Quotient and the Acquisition of Basic Skill Among Primary School Children

By Rahil Mahyuddin, Maria Chong Abdullah, Samsilah Roslan, Habibah Elias and Tajularipin Sulaiman.

Published by The Learner Collection

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Article: Electronic $US5.00

Studies have shown that emotional intelligence is twice as important as IQ for outstanding performance (Wright, 2002). With that statement, the focus is now on children in schools where we educate them with one objective in mind: their success. In the past IQ had always been associated with success, so the question now is, can EQ make the difference? According to Goleman (1995), IQ alone is no more the measure of success; it only accounts for 20%, and the rest goes for emotional, social Intelligences and luck. Therefore it is the objective of this study to find out whether there is a relationship between EQ and children’s acquisition of basic skills. A total of 344 primary school children (Year 1 and Year 2) from Kuala Terengganu made up the respondents. They are from the academically weak classes. Out of this sample 3.8 % are those who could not read, write or do Arithmetic. Among these students, 3.2% had problems in Bahasa Melayu and 3.8% had problems in Arithmetic. The study utilized the descriptive correlational method. Data were collected using the EQ questionnaire, a modified version of Goleman EQ questionnaire and the reliability using the Cronbach Alpha is .81. The preliminary findings indicated that there is a positive correlation between EQ and basic skills acquisition (r =.47,pStudies have shown that emotional intelligence is twice as important as IQ for outstanding performance (Wright, 2002). With that statement, the focus is now on children in schools where we educate them with one objective in mind: their success. In the past IQ had always been associated with success, so the question now is, can EQ make the difference? According to Goleman (1995), IQ alone is no more the measure of success; it only accounts for 20%, and the rest goes for emotional, social Intelligences and luck. Therefore it is the objective of this study to find out whether there is a relationship between EQ and children’s acquisition of basic skills. A total of 344 primary school children (Year 1 and Year 2) from Kuala Terengganu made up the respondents. They are from the academically weak classes. Out of this sample 3.8 % are those who could not read, write or do Arithmetic. Among these students, 3.2% had problems in Bahasa Melayu and 3.8% had problems in Arithmetic. The study utilized the descriptive correlational method. Data were collected using the EQ questionnaire, a modified version of Goleman EQ questionnaire and the reliability using the Cronbach Alpha is .81. The preliminary findings indicated that there is a positive correlation between EQ and basic skills acquisition (r =.47,p)

Keywords: Relationship, Emotional Quotient, Acquisition, Basic Skill, Primary School Children

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 14, Issue 7, pp.49-56. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 580.937KB).

Rahil Mahyuddin

Lecturer, Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Dr. Maria Chong Abdullah

Lecturer, Faculty of Educational Studies, University Putra Malaysia, Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Maria Chong Abdullah is a lecturer in educational psychology and special education at University Putra Malaysia. Currently she is pursuing her doctoral degree in educational psychology. Before joining the university, she worked as a teacher trainer for nine years and as a school teacher for 14 years. Currently she is involved actively in educational research, and the research findings were presented in conferences and seminars nationally and internationally. Research findings were also disseminated through articles in proceedings and journals. Maria also has published books on topics related to her field of specialisation.

Dr. Samsilah Roslan

University Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia

Prof. Habibah Elias

Professor, Lecturer in Educational Psychology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Dr. Tajularipin Sulaiman

Department of Foundation of Education, Faculty of Education, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia

Dr Tajularipin Sulaiman received his early education in Muar, Johor and continued his secondary education at the Sekolah Teknik Malacca. He continued his studies at the Centre for Foundation Studies in Science, University of Malaya in 1988. He obtained the Bachelor of Science with Education Degree in 1994 and Master of Education in 1998 from the University of Malaya. He holds a doctoral degree in education from University Putra Malaysia. His area of specialization is in science education, child development and primary education. He has been involved in courses in science education, thinking skills, and primary education. He research interest is in the field of primary education especially in primary science. He has also presented papers in national and international conferences.

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