Emotional Intelligence of at Risk Students in Malaysian Secondary Schools

By Habibah Elias, Rahil Mahyuddin, Maria Chong Abdullah, Samsilah Roslan, Nooreen Noordin and Omar Fauzee.

Published by The Learner Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

At-risk students in this study are those with low academic achievement and with
behavioral problems. The study utilizes the descriptive survey method. The sample of this study comprised of 688 secondary school students who are at-risk and their average age was sixteen. Findings indicate that the mean EQ of at-risk students were rather low (mean= 57.67, SD=0.26). The mean scores for the three sub-scales of EQ among the students were 18.91 for Emotional Self-Awareness (ESA), 14.94 for Emotional Expression (EE), and 24.18 for Emotional Awareness of others (EAO). Based on the scoring grid suggested by Cooper and Sawaf (1996), both ESA and EE students were found to be vulnerable (ESA:19-23;EE:13-16), except for EAO which was found to be proficient (22-27).Research findings also indicate significant gender differences(t=4.103,p<.05) in EQ scores among at-risk students with female students obtained a higher mean compared to the males. In addition results also found positive and significant correlations between EQ and the following variables namely academic achievement (r=.195, p<.05), self-esteem (r=.361, p<.05), achievement motivation (r=.354, p<.05), Mathematics self-efficacy (r=.310,p<.05) and English self-efficacy (r=.498,p<.05). The implications of the findings are discussed in terms of educational opportunities for at-risk students.

Keywords: Emotional Quotient, At-risk Students, Academic Achievement

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 14, Issue 8, pp.51-56. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 534.230KB).

Prof. Habibah Elias

Professor, Lecturer in Educational Psychology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

As in data base

Rahil Mahyuddin

Assoc. Professor, Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

As in data base

Dr. Maria Chong Abdullah

Lecturer, Department of Foundations of Educations, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia

Ms Maria Chong Abdullah is a lecturer at the Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia since year 2000. Her field of expertise is Educational Psychology. She also teaches courses such as Special Education, and Educational Research. Besides teaching, she has also been involved in activities such as writing, and paper presentations at conferences at national and international levels.

Dr. Samsilah Roslan

Senior Lecturer, Department of Foundation of Education, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia

Dr. Samsilah Roslan pursued her master study in UPM in the field of Educational Psychology and was upgraded to a Ph.D degree in 2001. She has been actively involved in numerous research projects, especially those related to education for children with special needs, including gifted children, at-risk children and children with learning disabilities such as dyslexia and autism. She was involved in several IRPA and Fundamental research related to children with special needs. Her role as a researcher at the Children At-Risk in Education Research Center (CARE) has given her the opportunity to collaborate with the Ministry of Higher Education, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Defense, BALKIS and other agencies in conducting various research and consultancy projects as well as organizing international conferences to increase the awareness of the importance of providing equal educational opportunities for these children. She was awarded "UPM Young Researcher Award" for the social sciences category in 2006. Findings from her studies has been presented in conferences and published in local and international journals. Dr. Samsilah is currently a senior lecturer at the Faculty of Educational Studies, UPM.

Dr. Nooreen Noordin

Lecturer, Department of Language Education and Humanities, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Omar Fauzee

Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia


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