Text Guides: Scaffolding Summarization and Fortifying Reading Skills

By José Montelongo.

Published by The Learner Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The purpose of the present paper is to introduce text guides as instructional tools for the content area classroom. Text guides, known also as reading guides or study guides, are teacher-developed devices for helping upper elementary and secondary students comprehend textbook materials as they read informational text. Text guides can be made to simulate the processes “good readers” employ as they are engaged with expository text. These guides can be used to help students develop the ability to summarize information from textbook units, magazine articles, and informational websites. Text guides can also provide students with much-needed developmental practice on reading skills such as finding the main idea, making inferences, using context clues, comparing and contrasting subjects and differentiating between causes and effects. A complete sample text guide, adapted from an informational website, is included in the paper. A discussion on creating text guides and implementing them into the curriculum is also presented.

Keywords: Text Guides, Expository Reading

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 15, Issue 7, pp.289-296. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 536.765KB).

Dr. José Montelongo

Senior Assistant Librarian, Robert E. Kennedy Library, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, California, USA

I am the Education and Liberal Arts librarian at Cal Poly in San Luis Obispo, California. I have advanced degrees in library science and education. I also undertook graduate studies in cognitive psychology. Prior to becoming an academic librarian, I was an elementary, middle and high school librarian in El Paso, Texas. I was also reading teacher at a middle school and an adult ESL reading teacher. My interests include information literacy, and the reading informational text. I have published papers and presented at major conferences on these topics. Currently, I am working on studies on the learning and forgetting of Spanish-English cognates.


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