University Education and Wage Employment as Predictors of Women Empowerment in Nigeria

By Adeola B. Ogunrin, Oluyemisi O. Obilade and John Adeboye Aderinto.

Published by The Learner Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The study of women’s employment has been and will continue to be of crucial importance to researchers because it is concerned not only with the process and structures which generate gender inequalities and gender segregation, but also with the appropriate strategies for equalizing the position of women in paid work. This assumption prompted the need to undertake a research study on university education and wage employment as predictors of women socio-economic empowerment using Nigeria as a case study. Two hundred women in public and private sectors were selected through random stratified sampling technique for the study. a descriptive survey questionnaire labeled “Women Empowerment Questionnaire (WEQ) was designed and used for collection of data. Mann-Whitney U-test was adopted for the analysis of data and testing of hypotheses postulated at 0.05 level of significant. Findings from the study revealed that university education did not have significant influence on the economic empowerment of Nigerian women (Mann-Whitney U = 37067.50, P > 0.05). On the other hands, women with wage employment but without university education had a higher level of empowerment in the decision making processes in matters affecting them in the society (Mann-Whitney U = 980.00, P < 0.05).

Keywords: Women, University Education, Empowerment, Socio-economic, Predictors

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 15, Issue 8, pp.105-112. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 585.035KB).

Adeola B. Ogunrin

Lecturer, Department of Continuing Education, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun, Nigeria

An Assistant lecturer in Adult and Continuing rducation with extensive works in women and community development.

Dr. Oluyemisi O. Obilade

Associate Professor, Department of Continuing Education, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun, Nigeria

An Associate professor of Adult and Women Education. She has published extensively in the area of adult and women education, an international scholar of repute. She has attended many conferences both national and international presenting papers on diverse issues on adult and women education. Especially women empowerment.

Dr. John Adeboye Aderinto

Associate Professor of Adult and Continuing Education, Department of Continuing Education, Faculty of Education, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Ile-Ife, Osun, Nigeria

Born sixty years ago, attended and graduated from colleges both in Nigeria and the United States of America. Attended and graduated from Southwest Baptist College, Bolivar, Missouri; New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary; and the University of North Texas, Denton, Texas, where he obtained his Ph.D. degree in Adult and Continuing Education on August 13, 1983. He is married, and blessed with children. He has worked and served in different positions both as a teacher and administrator. He also served as the Head and Director of the Department of Continuing Education of Obafemi Awolowo University at various time, which spanned for over eight years. He has more than twenty five publications in different and reputable Journals across the world. He is a member of many academic and professional organizations. I was also a foundation member of the American Association for Adult and Continuing Education. He has attended and presented papers at conferences both nationally and internationally. A religious and community leader, who has served in different capacities on social and religious issues both at local and national levels.


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