Studying Greek Students’ Performance on PISA Science Items

By Constantinos Apostolopoulos, Argyrios Psalidas, Vassilia Hatzinikita and Athanassios Katsis.

Published by The Learner Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The purpose of this study is to explore whether a paper-and-pencil test with PISA Science items records the actual Science knowledge and skills of 15-year-old Greek students while exploring the effect of specific factors on the students’ performance on these items. The research methodology adopted published PISA Science items and marking guidelines and further expanding it by conducting individual semi-structured interviews with the students as an alternative testing mode. The main findings illustrate that the PISA paper-and-pencil test does not accurately record the Greek students’ science knowledge and skills. Furthermore, item difficulty appears to be an important attribute with respect to student performance.

Keywords: PISA, Scientific Literacy, Paper and Pencil Test, Interview, Students’ Performance

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 15, Issue 8, pp.1-8. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 582.612KB).

Dr. Constantinos Apostolopoulos

Researcher, Educational Research and Pedagogy Unit, School of Humanities, Hellenic Open University, Athens, Greece

Constantinos Apostolopoulos obtained a first degree in Chemistry from the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens in 1984 and his PhD in Chemistry from the Agricultural University of Athens in 1991. Additionally he obtained a first degree in Pharmaceutics in 1994 from the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, a second degree in Adult Education from the Hellenic Open University in 2007 and another second degree in Educational Evaluation from the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens in 2008. His research interests include science learning and teaching in secondary education and Educational evaluation. He is currently teaching Science in the General Laboratory Lyceum of Varvakeio School (Athens, Greece).

Dr. Argyrios Psalidas

Researcher, Educational Research and Pedagogy Unit, School of Humanities, Hellenic Open University, Athens, Greece

Argyrios Psalidas obtained a first degree in Physics from the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens in 1985 and his PhD in Medicine from the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens in 1989. Additionally he obtained a second degree in Education from the Hellenic Open University in 2007. His research interests include science learning and teaching in secondary education. He is currently teaching Science in the General Lyceum of Athens College (Greece).

Prof. Vassilia Hatzinikita

Associate Professor, Academic Coordinator of the Master in Education, School of Humanities, Hellenic Open University, Patrai, Greece

Associate Professor Vassilia Hatzinikita is currently an academic coordinator of the Master in Education in the Hellenic Open University and a coordinator of Educational Research in Action module. Her research interests concern science teaching and learning as well as the analysis and development of educational materials. She has published a considerable number of research papers in journals, books and conference proceedings and has developed educational material for the Science Education module of the Hellenic Open University.

Athanassios Katsis

Assistant Professor, Department of Social and Educational Policy, University of Peloponnese, Korinthos, Greece

Assist. Prof. Athanassios Katsis is currently teaching undergraduate and postgraduate courses in Statistics in the Department of Social and Educational Policy at the University of Peloponnese as well as in the Hellenic Open University. His research interests lies on sample size determination, Bayesian Statistics and the effect of social and school characteristics in students’ grades. He has published research articles in journals, books and conference proceedings and has helped develop educational material for the Hellenic Open University.

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