Assessment of Literacy Programmes (LIPA) of Selected Nigerian Universities as Perceived by Students: Implications for Counselling

By Arikpo B. Arikpo, Roseline E. Tawo and Marcellinus U. Ojuah.

Published by The Learner Collection

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General education for functional literacy, especially those offered by higher institutions should address the felt-needs such as enough food, adequate accommodation, good healthcare etc., of these category of learners since majority of them are adults assumed to seek solutions for their immediate career development. University general education has the objective of equipping students with a mastery of basic, core content and general understanding skills needed for their overall academic, career and lifelong goals attainment. Unfortunately, higher rates of unemployment, poverty and youth restiveness etc. are recorded among university graduates. The problems are attributed to lack of functional literacy of graduates and fallen standard of education in the country. Therefore, this study sought to find out the quality and quantity of functional literacy content of Nigerian universities curriculum with the view to determining possible areas students’ need counselling for appropriate functional literacy. Two hundred (200) respondents were randomly selected for the study from Universities of Abuja, Calabar, Ibadan and Nsukka. A survey design was adopted for the study. A 32 item questionnaire on objectives of general education of the institutions was used for data collection. Simple percentages, independent t-test and chi-square statistics were used for data analysis. It was found based on the analyses that; more than 50% of respondents’ agreed with 30 out of 32 items of the questionnaire, It was also found out that, sex had no statistically significant influence on mastery of any literacy skills. The study showed that, there was a significant group differences in terms of status of student only on items 14, 19, 22 and 26. The result with respect to university attended showed a significant group differences on 29 items. Only 3 items (7, 8, and 9) did not show significant group differences. It was therefore recommended among others, that higher institutions should not only assess the functional literacy needs more regularly, but should collaborate with one another to serve such needs. Also diversity of needs should be reflected in literacy programmes of Nigerian universities in the interest of increased enrolment of diverse learners at this level.

Keywords: Assessment, Literacy Programmes, Nigerian Universities, Counselling

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 15, Issue 9, pp.49-62. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 629.248KB).

Prof. Arikpo B. Arikpo

Senior Lecturer, Department of Adult and Continuing Education, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Dr. Arikpo B. Arikpo, a Nigerian with University education obtained from Nebraska University system, USA (1975-1984). Has been a lecturer in the Department of Adult and Continuing Education, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria since 1986 till date. Other positions held were; Director Government Agency for Adult and Non-Formal Education; Coordinator University of Calabar Distance and Extra- Mural Studies Programmes and Head, Department of Adult and Continuing Education. A member of many academic and service organisations and a recipient of many honors and awards from Nigeria and USA. My hobbies are farming, current affairs and adult empowerment programmes development. Married with children.

Dr. Roseline E. Tawo

Lecturer, Department of Adult and Continuing Education, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Holder of a Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) Degree in Elementary Education, Masters of Education (M.Ed) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph D) Degrees in Guidance and Counselling from University of Calabar, Calabar where I am now teaching Guidance and Counselling, Adult Psychology, Women Education courses and other related courses. She is a trained Home Economist. I taught for 12 years in a number of Secondary Schools in Cross River and Akwa Ibom States of Nigeria. Worked for 5 years as a Research Officer and served as the Head of the Department of Research and Statistics in the Local Government Education Authority, Calabar. Functioned as the Coordinator of the B.Ed Adult Education Consultancy Programme. A Course Adviser, teach and supervise student’s projects work. Served as an Examination Officer and the Industrial Attachment Coordinator. I am a member of several Professional Associations, which among them include: The Counselling Association of Nigeria, The Nigerian Society of Educational Psychologist, World Council of Curriculum and Instruction, Nigerian National Council for Adult Education, National Association for Women Academics among others. Has attended several conferences and published papers in many Professional Journals both internationally and locally. Have articles in books and also a co-author of a book on psychology. I have skills in sewing, knitting, crocheting, bead making and other crafts. I am married. I am an honest, hardworking, dedicated lady who maintain standard in all I do.

Dr. Marcellinus U. Ojuah

Senior Lecturer, Department of Adult and Continuing Education, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria

Holds a Ph.D in Adult Education from University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria. Currently a senior lecturer at University of Calabar. Belongs to three learned societies (NNCAE, CAETA, MNAEP) Involved in CBO/NGO activities.


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