‘Border Crossing’ of History Education in Multicultural School Contexts in Greece: An Intercultural Approach

By Fokion Georgiadis and Zisimos Apostolos.

Published by The Learner Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Although it has been argued that cultural diversity has been a constant feature by European states, many national educational systems, Greek included, endorse monocultural ideologies and cultural supremacism to promote rigid and predetermined national identities. School curricula reject an approach based on cultural relativism and can be determined at institutional, local, state or even continental level. Consequently, minority culture and History remain out of education owing to monolithic History education.
A metaphoric use of ‘border crossings’ often characterise intercultural educational needs. The direction of travel is usually away from the hegemonic group which is assumed not to be embedded or shaped by ‘culture’ in the same way as the ‘other’. The potential radical¬ism of postmodernism, especially with regard to what Giroux calls‘border pedagogy’ not only recognises but actively promotes the recognition of ‘other histories’.
Therefore, this paper argues that the scrutiny of History education in Greece regarding cultural diversity can lead to a line of particular reflections and concerns focused on the insufficiency of History curricula and textbooks, while innovations in education involve a change of perceptions and practices at both teacher and organisational levels to promote an intercultural dimension generally in education and more concretely in History teaching.

Keywords: History Education, Interculturality, Giroux, Border Pedagogy, Cultural Diversity, Multiculturalism, Greece

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp.153-168. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.217MB).

Fokion Georgiadis

Researcher, Policy and Society, Institute of Education, University of London, Athens, London, UK

Georgiadis Fokion (MA in CompEdu) studied Pedagogy and Psychology in the Universities of Rhodes and Athens and worked as a Primary schoolteacher since 1988 in Greece and Britain. He participated in many conferences in Greece and abroad and authored intercultural educational material for University of Athens and Crete. At the moment he attends the Doctoral School of Education in the Institute of Education, UofLondon. He is a member of the International Association of Intercultural Education (IAIE), the Society of Intercultural Education, Training and Research (SIETAR Europa), the British Association for International & Comparative Education (BAICE) of the International Academy for Intercultural Research (IAIR) and of the Pedagogical Association of Greece (PEE).

Zisimos Apostolos

Teacher, Primary education - Ministry of Education, University of Thessaloniki, Athens, Thessaloniki, Greece

Zisimos Apostolos (MA in PrEdu) studied Pedagogy in the Universities of Thessalia and Athens. He worked as a Primary school teacher since 1985 in Greece and Britain. He participated in various conferences on education in Greece and abroad. He co-operated with the University of Crete on the “Education of the Greek Diaspora” programme (E.DΙA.M.M.E). In 2005 he completed his postgraduate studies in the Brunel University in London on Primary Education. At the moment he attends the Doctoral School of Education in the University of Thessaloniki. He is a member of the International Association of Intercultural Education (IAIE).

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