Democratic and Distributed Leadership for School Improvement: Case Studies from Pakistan

By Azhar Mumtaz Saadi, Ashiq Hussain, Rukhsana Nadeem Bhutta, Najma Perveen, Ulfat Kazmi and Naseer Ahmad Salfi.

Published by The Learner Collection

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Article: Electronic $US5.00

The main purpose of this study was to identify the leadership practices of head teachers of successful schools at secondary level in the Pakistan. The study was descriptive (survey type) in nature. It was conducted on a sample of eight secondary school head teachers, 48 primary, elementary and secondary school teachers working in the government boys’ secondary schools of Punjab province, 80 students of grade 9th and 10th and 16 parents of these students. Data was collected using a multiple methods research design that includes: review of related literature, documents indicating school achievements and student attainment, and in-depth semi-structured interviews with different stakeholders including the head teacher, teachers, parents and students. The findings of the study revealed that the leadership practices of all the eight head teachers were almost similar. All the head teachers empowered others to lead and distributed leadership activities throughout the school to move the school forward. They empowered and encouraged others and communicated their vision through relationships with staff, students and other personnel in the school community. They involved staff members in decision making and gave them professional autonomy. Their particular emphasis was upon developing positive relationships with parents and community. The findings of the study may be useful for other countries of almost similar socio-economic status to improve quality at secondary level.

Keywords: Leadership, Distributed Leadership, School Improvement, Successful School, Effective Schools

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp.521-532. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.276MB).

Dr. Azhar Mumtaz Saadi

Vice Principal, Federal Directorate of Education, Federal Directorate of Education, Islamabad, Pakistan

Mr. Azhar Mumtaz Saadi, is B.Sc. with major in Chemistry and Biology along with B.Ed. He earned his M.A. in Islamic Studies from Islamia University, Bahawalpur. He also earned his Master in Education from the University of Punjab, Lahore. He has been serving as a Secondary School Science Teacher in the public sector since 1985. In 2004 he won Indigenous 5000 PhD fellowship from HEC Pakistan. He submitted his PhD (Education) thesis at the Division of Education, University of Education, Lahore in May 2008. Presently he is working as Vice Principal of a higher secondary school in Islamabad under Federal Directorate of Education.

Ashiq Hussain

Deputy District Education Officer, Punjab Education, Department of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Mr. Ashiq Hussain is pursuing his PhD in Education. He did his B.A. honour with Economics along with B.Ed. He has earned the degree of LLB from the University of Punjab. Earned his M.A. in Urdu, Political Science and Education. The researcher has also done his M.Phil in Iqbal Studies. Now He is serving the nation as Dy. District Education Officer. He has served against different administrative posts like, AEO, Headteacher in High Schools and the District Coordinator Officer for AIOU.

Rukhsana Nadeem Bhutta

Associate Professor, Department of Education, Department of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Najma Perveen

Sr Headmistress, Education Department Government of Punjab, Department of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

She is M.Sc. in Botany. Working as Sr. Headmistress in Secondary School in Public Sector. She is pursuing her PhD in Education from the University of Education Lahore Pakistan.

Ulfat Kazmi

Teacher Educator, Education Department, Department of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Ulfat Kazmi has been working as teacher educator for along time in government sector. She also has been working as master trainer in different courses. She is puesuing her PhD in the area of assessment and evaluation from the university of Education Lahore.

Dr. Naseer Ahmad Salfi

Elementary Teacher, Education Department Pakistan, Department of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Mr. Naseer Ahmad is pursuing his PhD in the University of Education Lahore Pakistan. He has earned his MA Education from the University of Punjab with distinction. Presently working as teacher in a high school.


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