# The Effects of Different Modes of Representation in Statistical Problems Solving: A Study with Third Grade Primary School Pupils

## Published by The Learner Collection

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Article: Electronic \$US5.00

The aim of the present research project was to examine the skills of third grade primary school pupils in the representation of probability and statistics concepts in the area of information, algebraic, verbal, graphic and tabular representations, as well as their ability to move from one field of representation to another. 296 third grade primary school pupils were given a test sample which included 11 translation exercises in the five fields of representation. Methods of implicative statistical analysis were used to analyse the data.
The processing of results showed that the ability to translate from one form of representation to another with regard to statistical problems is largely developed in children and that they are able to cope with the various forms of representation of a statistical problem with various degrees of success. More specifically, the research results showed that the tasks involving the conversion of verbal forms to charts proved easier for pupils, whereas tasks having a graphic form as their initial source and a verbal form as their final source were the most difficult.

Keywords: Representation, Statistics Concepts, Pupils

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp.27-36. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.169MB).

# Dr. Sofia D. Anastasiadou

Lecturer, Preeschool Education, University of Western Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Greece, Greece

Sofia Anastasiadou holds a BSc from the Department of Mathematics of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki in Greece, a Master degree in Mathematics Education from Surrey University of Kingston in Great Bretagne. She has obtained her Ph.D in Multidimetional Statistical Analysis at the Macedonia University of Thessaloniki in Greece. She is currently a Lecturer of Applied Statistics and Educational Research in the Department of Preschool Education at the University of Western Macedonia in Greece. Apart form Statistics and Mathematics Education in Primary, Secondary and Higher Education her research interests are also focused in the Analysis and Interpretation of Multivariate Data for Social Science. Sofia Anastasiadou has published several papers in Greek, European and International Scientific Journals.

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