Evaluating the Impact of Positive Peer Interaction for Increased Literacy

By Michelle Ann Bakerson and Nakia James.

Published by The Learner Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

With literacy being an issue that continues to plague too many students, the Mentor/Mentee Literacy program evaluation, emphasizes the need for programs that foster a community of readers. The purpose of the evaluation was to examine the impact of positive peer interaction improving the critical reading skills of sixth grade remedial reading students. The initial focus of the pilot program was to improve language arts class performance, at the middle school level. However, the evaluation ultimately found that reading skills must be incorporated into all of the core subjects. Recognizing that reading is a gateway skill, educational decision-makers must begin to examine the best methods of merging reading skills into all core subject areas (US Department of Education, 2002). The United Nations, Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization defines literacy as, “the ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate, compute and use printed and written materials associated with varying contexts. Literacy involves a continuum of learning to enable an individual to achieve his or her goals, to develop his or her knowledge and potential, and to participate fully in the wider society.” This comprehensive explication is a definitive statement of the path literacy education should consistently pursue.

Keywords: Evaluation, Literacy, Reading Program, Reading Skills, Language Arts, Positive Peer Interaction, Pilot Program, Middle School

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp.279-290. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.227MB).

Michelle Ann Bakerson

Partner, Niles, Michigan, USA

Michelle Bakerson serves as Partner with Momentum Consulting & Evaluation, L.L.C. and is an Assistant Professor of Research at Indiana University South Bend. Prior to this she was an Assistant Professor at Holy Cross College, Associate Chair of Education and their Licensing Director. Her doctorate degress is in Evaluation, Measurement and Research Design and she has earned her Master’s Degree in Educational Leadership with a focus in Organizational Analysis from Western Michigan University. She also holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Business Administration from Ferris State University and has K-8 teacher certification. She is fluent in German and has a diverse cultural background having lived in Berlin for ten years. She has completed various evaluations in different fields. She has been trained to complete metaevaluations and has served on an advisory panel evaluating evaluations and completing metaevaluations. Michelle was selected and has presented at the American Evaluation Association every year since 2005. She was selected to present at the 13th International Conference on Learning in Jamaica and has authored a corresponding article which is published in The International Journal of Learning. She is a member of AEA, MEA, IEA, EES and NPA.

Nakia James

Partner, Galesburg, Michigan, USA

Mrs. Nakia S. James currently serves as a partner with Momentum Consulting & Evaluation, L.L.C. Mrs. James has completed a Master’s Degree in Educational Leadership, with a focus in Organizational Analysis from Western Michigan University. Her courses were primarily in the area of evaluation. She was also formally trained in meta-evaluation as well. With this, she has chosen to concentrate her academic and professional pursuits in the practice of evaluation. Mrs. James has also attained a Bachelor’s Degree from Western Michigan University with a concentration in education. Upon completion, Nakia began her professional experience in the area of education. This experience was centered in the education of students considered to be “at risk”, primarily in the areas of music education and reading literacy and competency. She was a positive influence to her students and continues to be an encouraging advocate to many of them. Subsequently, Mrs. James has thoroughly enjoyed her experience in education as a profession, and intends to continue serving others through the practice of evaluation and organizational consulting. Nakia has received several honors, including induction to the National Scholars Honors Society as a Magna Cum Laude member.


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