Development of an Attitude Scale to Measure Pre-Service Teachers’ Attitude towards the Teaching Profession

By Muhammad Azeem, Nasir Mahmood, Khalil Ur Rehman Wain, Muhammad Tanveer Afzal, Noor Muhammad and Muhammad Idrees.

Published by The Learner Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Attitudes are a vital part of the way humans interact with each other and information. The studies for attitude have formulated a variety of theories on attitude structure and formation. This study offers an overview of attitude structure, formation and development of an attitude scale to measure the professional attitude of prospective teachers. Structural review focuses on both models of individual attitudes and models of attitude systems. The main research question of this study was “How appropriate individuals are selected to admit in different teacher training programs and recruited for teaching jobs? Finally developed 6-point scale consisting of 30 items was administered to 115 prospective teachers of Provincial Institute of Teacher Education (PITE) and University College of Education, Lower Mall, Lahore. Hypotheses were tested by independent sample t-test and positive/negative attitude towards teaching was analyzed by using mean scores and standard deviation from mean. In dependent sample t-test is applied to compare the attitude of pre-service teachers at PITE and University College of Education, Lower Mall, Lahore. The major findings are 1) Most of the teacher students have no interest in teaching, 2) have negative attitude towards teaching profession, and 3) have no priority towards teaching.

Keywords: Teachers’ Attitude, Professionalism

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp.175-188. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.329MB).

Muhammad Azeem

Doctoral Research Fellow and Associate Faculty member, Division of Education, College Road Township, Lahore, University of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Mr. Muhammad Azeem is Doctoral scholar at the Division of Education, University of Education, Lahore under Indigenous PhD Fellowship from HEC Pakistan. After successfully qualifying the course work, he is working on his research project. He has written a number of articles in different magazines and journals. He has presented papers on Quality Ensurance and Validity in the context of Education. His area of interest is Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Testing. He has visited School of Education, University of Leicester, UK as Doctoral Research Scholar.

Nasir Mahmood

Subject Specialist, Department of education, University of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Nasir Mahmood I am Ph D scholar at University of Education, Lahore Pakistan. I am working as Specialist/Headteacher, GHS, Ladhay Kay, Lahore City, Lahore. My career objective is to equip with the professional and leadership skills in the educational ladder. My areas of interest are research methodology, Teacher education, Educational assessment, Organizational behaviour, Social psychology, Curriculum development and instruction.

Khalil Ur Rehman Wain

PhD Researcher, University of Education, Punjab, Pakistan

Khalil Ur Rehman is a PhD scholar at the Division of Education, University of Education, Lahore, Pakistan and conducting his research under Indigenous PhD Fellowship programme of Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan. He is working as senior science teacher in PAEC Model College Nilore, Islamabad. His area of specialization is Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Testing

Dr Muhammad Tanveer Afzal

PhD Scholar, University of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Mr. Muhammad Tanveer Afzal has M.Sc in Mathematics and M.Ed in Science Education. He started his job career as Lecturer Assistant from a Govt. College for Elementary Teachers’ Jhelum. In 2004, he earned the Indigenous PhD Fellowship from the Higher Education Commission Pakistan and enrolled at the Division of Education, University of Education Lahore, Pakistan. To pursue his doctoral studies in the discipline of Mathematics Education, he is working on topic “Impact of Using Mathematics Software on Students’ Learning Achievement at Elementary Level”. He has presented many research papers both home and abroad. He presented his paper on “Constructivists Model of Software Development for Teaching Mathematics” in International Conference on ICT in Teaching and learning, held at The Open University of Hong Kong in 2007 and “Attitude of Mathematics Teacher to The use of Computer Technology in Classroom” in International Conference on ICT in Teaching and learning, held at The Open University of Hong Kong in 2008. He has visited University of Leicester, UK under HEC International Research Support Initiative Program.

Noor Muhammad

Research Fellow, Division of Education, University of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

He is working on his doctoral research project at Division of Education, University of Education, Lahore. He has participated in many national and international conferences held in Pakistan and UK.

Muhammad Idrees

Education Officer, Curriculum Wing, Ministry of Education, Islamabad, Punjab, Pakistan


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