Calibration of Parallel Forms of an Achievement Test in Educational Assessment at B. Ed Level

By Ulfat Kazmi, Azhar Mumtaz Saadi, Muhammad Ibrahim Khalid, Qamar Batool, Abdul Ghafoor Nasir and Muhammad Akram Shah.

Published by The Learner Collection

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Article: Electronic $US5.00

Two parallel Forms in the subject of Educational Assessment, were constructed. Each form contained 20 multiple choice items. Eight clusters out of 42 education colleges of Punjab were selected by using table of random numbers. The selected clusters constituted a sample of 515 male & female students. The two Forms (A & B) were administered to the same sample without any interval. Students, responses were scored and recorded for the analysis. Item-analysis was done on three criteria-Facility Index (F%), Discrimination Index (D) and phi-co-efficient (ϕ). Effectiveness of distracters was also determined. Number of items rejected on all three criteria (F%, D &ϕ) was one (item no. 19 in Form B). The quality of distracters was also judged and 17 distracters (15 %) in Form A and 11 distracters (45%) in Form B were found to be ineffective. The test of significance was applied and the value of z (14.24) showed that the difference between means of male & female students was statistically significant. Co-efficient of correlation between the scores on Form A and Form B was 0.98 that showed the high reliability of the test. University of Education should encourage their future researchers to conduct research on this pattern for the purpose of Standardization of tests in the field of Teacher Education.

Keywords: Calibration of Test, Achievement Test, Item Analysis, Educational Assessment

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp.271-278. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.322MB).

Ulfat Kazmi

Education Department, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Ms. Ulfat Kazmi has an extensive experience of more than 25 years in the field of education.

Dr. Azhar Mumtaz Saadi

Principal, Federal Directorate of Education, Punjab, Pakistan

Mr. Azhar Mumtaz Saadi, is B.Sc with major in Chemistry and Biology along with B.Ed. He earned his M.A in Islamic Studies from Islamia University, Bahawalpur. He also earned his Master in Education from the University of Punjab, Lahore. He has been serving as a Secondary School Science Teacher in the public sector since 1985. In 2004 he won Indigenous 5000 PhD fellowship from Higher Education Commission Pakistan. He completed his PhD (Education) under the guidance and supervision of Dr. Muhammad Saeed at the Division of Education, University of Education, Lahore in May 2008. His research papers have been published in different national and international journals. he also have presented different articles in international conferences. Presently he is working as principal in a higher secondary school in Islamabad under Federal Directorate of Education, Pakistan.

Dr. Muhammad Ibrahim Khalid

Professor, Professor,, Universty of Education, Universty of Education, Lahore, Pakistan

Dr. Muhammad Ibrahim Khalid has been working as chairman Department of Elementary Education IER University of the Punjab Lahore. At present he is working as professor of Education in the division of Education University of Education Lahore. He is editor a number of publications on core issues of education published by the Education Foundation, Islamabad. He is chief editor of Taleem-i-Zaviye a well known education journal in educationists circle. He has worked for JEE, BER and other international journals of education.

Qamar Batool

Lecturer, Govt. Degree College, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

She is working as lecturer in Education in Govt Sector. She is peruing her PhD in the University of Education Lahore.

S.S.(Subject Specialist) Abdul Ghafoor Nasir

SST, Govt High School, Sumandari, Faisalabad, Islamabad, Punjab, Pakistan

Working as SST in High School. He is enrooled as PhD scholar in the University of Education Lahore, Pakistan.

Muhammad Akram Shah

Sr.Subject Specialist, GCET, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Working as Sr subject Specialist in Govt sector. Enrolled as PhD Scholar at the university of Education Lahore.


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