Preschool Teachers’ Instruction: Is it Innovative and Creative?

By Hashimah Mohd. Yunus, Nor Hashimah Hashim, Yahya Che Lah, Muhammad Zohir Ahmad and Norlida Ahmad.

Published by The Learner Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This paper discusses preschool teachers instructions by looking at its innovativeness and creativity. The data concerning preschool teachers instruction were identified through a survey using self-report questionnaire. Purposive sampling technique was employed and 477 preschool teachers responded. In this study, teachers instruction focus on three aspects. The first aspect is to find out the preschool teachers implementation of induction set which involved usage of various methods. The second aspect is to identify whether the teaching and learning activities in Mathematics, Malay and English languages were conducted as individual, small group or whole class teaching. In addition, this study seeks to identify whether enrichment and remedial activities were conducted by the preschool teachers. Finally, the third aspect is to find out the various strategies used by the preschool teacher in the classroom. This paper discusses how innovativeness and creativity were carried out in the induction set while looking at the teaching activities and strategies used by the preschool teachers.

Keywords: Preschool Teachers, Instruction, Innovative, Creative

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 16, Issue 10, pp.653-666. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.327MB).

Dr. Hashimah Mohd. Yunus

Program Chairperson B.Sc Ed, School of Educational Studies, University Sains Malaysia, Minden, Penang, Malaysia

Hashimah Mohd Yunus is a senior lecturer in the School of Educational Studies, University Sains Malaysia. She has a B.Sc (Hons) in Biology and Chemistry, a M. Ed. in Curriculum Studies and PhD in the field of Science Education from University of Warwick, United Kingdom. Her expertise is in the area of primary science education, awareness in renewable energy and energy efficiency in primary and secondary schools and teacher education. She has been Research Leader on USM short term grant and co-researcher in several other research studies in Malaysia dealing with language issues in science education and energy awareness in primary and secondary school. She is in the progress of conducting research on the language development and science inquiry for year one pupils and a research on impact study of renewable energy and energy efficiency among secondary school students and teachers in Malaysia. Hashimah has also published and co-published a few papers on research publications in journal articles and conference papers at the international level and national level. She is also being consulted on several education projects such as Chairman for the evaluation of year six primary science textbook package for DBP for usage in 2008. Reviewer of the upper secondary school biology textbook for Arah Pendidikan Company.

Prof. Dr. Nor Hashimah Hashim

Program Chairperson BEd Preschool, School of Educational Studies, University Sains Malaysia, Minden, Penang, Malaysia

Nor Hashimah Hashim is an Associate Professor in the Early Childhood Edcuation at School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia. She received her MEd. and PhD at University of Leeds, United Kingdom focusing on primary education. Earlier she worked in primary and secondary schools for six and three years respectively. Currently, she is a program chairperson for BEd. Preschool Education) and teaches undergraduate programs in early childhood curriculum. Her research interests revolve around teaching and learning at preschool and primary level. Two of her current research projects funded by the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) and Department of National Unity and Integration, focuses on learning environment and instruction quality at the preschool level. She had also conducted research on reading comprehension at primary school at the national level. She has published a number of research papers and articles in national and international journals, and produced three teaching and learning modules for preschool and primary school children.

Assoc. Prof. Yahya Che Lah

Senior Lecturer, School Of Distance Education, University Sains Malaysia, Minden, Penang, Malaysia

Yahya Che Lah is a lecturer at School of Distance Learning, Universiti Sains Malaysia in the area of teaching and learning of language. Most of his students are school teachers undertaking their undergraduate courses. Methodology and pedagogy of language teaching is his main subject. In addition, he also taught language proficiency. He was a language teacher, before he became a lecturer. He had taught in primary and secondary school. Moreover, he also had an experience for about 3 years in the secondary school as an academic administrator. His experiences enhance his knowledge about the needs and the problems in the teaching and learning language either to the teachers or to the pupils. In the tertiary level, besides teaching, he is involved in research. His current research focuses on the teaching and learning at the preschool level.

Muhammad Zohir Ahmad

Senior Lecturer, School of Educational Studies, University Sains Malaysia, Minden, Penang, Malaysia

Mohammad Zohir is a lecturer working in the School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia. His teaching and research focus on geography and environmental education with a special attention to the topics of teaching practices and pedagogy. Other areas of interest include education for sustainable development, preschool education and curriculum studies.

Norlida Ahmad

Senior Lecturer, School of Educational Studies, University Sains Malaysia, Minden, Penang, Malaysia

Mrs. Norlida Ahmad has a Masters in TESL from the University Of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and a Bachelor in Literature from Wilmington College Ohio, both in USA. She has been teaching English since 1987, first in secondary schools and later at university. Her research interests are in Second Language Acquisition and Teacher Education. At present she is a senior lecturer at the School of Educational Studies in University Science Malaysia. She has presented many papers in Malaysia and overseas conferences.

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