Headmaster’s Leadership Style and Teachers’ Commitment in Malaysian Rural Primary Schools

By Sabariah Sharif, Juninah @ Junainah Dullah, Khaziyati Osman and Salina Sulaiman.

Published by The Learner Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The study aimed to explore the level of headmaster’s transformational leadership, the level of teachers’ organisational commitment and the relationship between headmaster’s leadership style and the organisational commitment of teachers in Kota Marudu primary schools. The model of transformational leadership developed by Bass (1985) and the organisational commitment model which was developed by Meyer and Allen (1991) served as the theoretical framework for the study. The transformational leadership classified into inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation and individual consideration. The organisational commitment on the other hand, divided into affective commitment, continuance commitment and normative commitment. Data was obtained from 130 Kota Marudu’s primary schools teachers. The research only dealt with Grade A schools. Two questionnaires were used as the main instrument; Alimo-Metcalfe’s (2001) Transformational Leadership Questionnaire (TLQ) which consisted of 21 items and Meyer and Allen’s (1997) Organisational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ), which consisted of 18 items. Data was analysed with SPSS for windows version 15.0. An average positive relationship between headmaster’s inspirational motivation and teacher’s organizational commitment was found. As perceived by the teachers, the level of headmaster’s transformational leadership in Kota Marudu was high in most schools. The research also indicated that the level of teacher’s organisational commitment was average. This research also suggested numbers of ways to improve teacher’s organizational commitment.

Keywords: Transformational Leadership, Commitment

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 16, Issue 12, pp.229-244. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.255MB).

Dr. Sabariah Sharif

Senior Lecturer, School of Education and Social Development, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

My specialization is in Educational Technology. My research area focuses on education technology in rural areas. My research group consists of affiliated organizations such as Ministry of Youth and Sports, Ministry of Housing and Ministry of Education.

Juninah @ Junainah Dullah

Teacher, SK Mutiara, Ministry of Education, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

She is a TESL teacher. Has a master in Educational Management and has been teaching for 4 years.

Khaziyati Osman

Deputy Head of Education Department, Labuan Education Department, Ministry of Education, Labuan, Labuan, Malaysia

She was a TESL teacher, has a master degree in Educational Management. Now doing her PhD on ICT management.

Salina Sulaiman

Lecturer, School of Education and Social Development, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

She is a lecturer in computer science and multimedia. has been teaching for more than 10 years.


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