This study examined the trend of literacy development and major structural factors affecting literacy during the early elementary school years of children living in low-income neighborhoods. A sample of 400 children from such neighborhoods was compared with another sample of 273 children from more affluent neighborhoods. The results showed that while literacy skills grew with age in both groups of children, a between-groups gap unfavorable to the low-income group began at school entry and widened with time for most literacy skills. Within the neighborhood, the father’s and mother’s level of educational attainment was related to children’s literacy.
|Keywords:||Literacy, Trends, Low-Income, Children, Neighborhood|
Professor, Education, University of Victoria, Victoria, B.C., Canada
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