In its broadest understanding, physical education focuses on the art and science of deliberate human movement and uses awareness from many other disciplines. Over the span of time and development of technology, need for physical action has increased manifold. Physical education, now, is an integral part of general education. In Pakistan, physical education curriculum is non-existent at the start of schooling where it is needed the most. This study addressed the role of curriculum in physical development of the school going children. It was aimed to achieve a more balanced overall development of children by introducing them to basic and common activities of physical education.
The study was designed to enable the children to learn movement concepts and master skills that enhance their ability to understand their environment and differences among people in physical activity setting.
The nature of the study was descriptive. A survey, to determine the contents and activities to be included in the Physical Education curriculum at Primary level, was conducted by distributing a questionnaire among seventy (70) male and female experts and executives in the field of physical education. Another questionnaire was distributed among fifteen percent (15%) primary school teachers from rural and urban areas of District Lahore Cantt. selected randomly as sample. As the curriculum for Physical Education at this level did not exist, help was sought from review of literature, Curriculum development committee and Curriculum development select committee. Both these committees consisted of seventeen (17) members each including Primary School Teachers, Headmasters/ Headmistresses, Principals, Professors, Assistant Professors, Physical Education experts & executives, curriculum experts and educationists from District Lahore. In light of the data obtained through survey, and the recommendations of these committees, the curriculum was drafted. This Curriculum (draft) was matched with development stages of Piaget’s theory. The draft curriculum was then presented to twenty one (21) experts of physical education, curriculum and education so as to develop face, content and construct validity. Data analysis showed that content and objectives were valid as the opinion of respondents remained between agreed and strongly agreed. It is recommended, however, that the proposed curriculum should be put to practice in different schools to get awareness of the drawbacks, if any. This would help refine the developed curriculum and guidance for further research on the topic would become available.
|Keywords:||Physical Education, Physical Education Curriculum, Growth and Development, Physical Activities|
PhD Scholar, University of Education, University of Education, Lahore, Pakistan
Lecturer Education, Secondary Teacher Education Department, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan
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