Completion of a worksheet by learners is one strategy that is used by teachers and museum educators to facilitate learning during museum field trips. A survey of literature on learning from museums indicates that there are conflicting opinions regarding the usefulness of worksheets during museum fieldtrips. Some researchers say worksheets are useful; they promote learning while others are against their use saying they are problematic; they restrict learning. Despite this controversy, teachers and museum educators still make use of worksheets suggesting that although worksheets may be problematic they are necessary where there are no alternative strategies. This review paper pulls together characteristics of a worksheet that impact on learning from various studies and develops explanations as to how these characteristics if taken into consideration during the preparation of museum worksheets can improve worksheet effectiveness in promoting learning during museum fieldtrips. The key message of this review is on what needs to be done to ensure that the worksheets are designed and used in a way that maximises learning.
|Keywords:||Worksheets, Museum, Fieldtrip, Learning|
Senior Tutor, Science and Technology Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Senior Lecturer in Science and Technology Education, Marang Centre for Mathematics and Science Education, Division of Science and Technology Education, School of Education, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
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