After-school Programs: Attracting and Sustaining Youth Participation
After-school hours have been a crucial time for low-income youth development (Woodland, 2008). The hours after-school can be either a time of threat to the health and safety of the youth or an opportunity for youth to develop, explore, and achieve through quality after-school programs (Maryland Out of School Time, 2009). The recent growth of after-school programs in the last few years, in the United States, stems from reports that juvenile crimes and other at-risk behaviors (i.e. smoking, drinking, and use of drugs) are more likely to be committed on school days between the hours of 3pm and 6pm (Apsler, 2009; Fox, 2003). Despite research findings linking positive youth development and outcomes to after-school programs, it remains a challenge for these after-school programs to attract and sustain participation of low-income older youth. This article will provide program directors and educators with best practices in recruiting and retaining low-income middle-school and high-school youth based on a recent review of the literature.
||After-school Programs, Youth, At-risk Youth, Low-income Youth, Enrollment, Retention, Youth Engagement
The International Journal of Learning, Volume 17, Issue 9, pp.177-182.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 569.681KB).
Director of Enrollment Outreach and Partnership, Admissions Department, Mercy College, Dobbs Ferry, New York, USA
Pamela Njapa-Minyard graduated from college with an urge to empower others. In 1993, she started a dance company, hoping to train young girls to be leaders through the disciplined art of dance. The program was so successful the school district hired her to teach dance to over 500 children every week at the local elementary school. Pamela has excelled in various business arenas including working in finance and real estate industries, building a medical practice, coaching business owners, and starting Giolai, a not-for-profit leadership training program for low-income girls. She is presently a director at Mercy College responsible community and corporate outreach. She is passionate and understands the value of college/community collaborations. Although the industries she has worked in have been dramatically different, the theme in her life has always been the same...empowering others to live their best life. She is a recent co-author of an empowering book for executives. In addition to earning her Bachelor’s of Science in Psychology from William Smith College, Pamela also holds a Master’s of Science in Organizational Leadership from Mercy College School of Business and is currently a doctoral student in Executive Leadership at St. John Fisher College.
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