The twenty first century is regarded as the age of globalization, telecommunication and digital technology. The rapidly changing present world demands people to be multi-tasked and equipped with the skills of collaboration and flexibility. Problem solving, goal setting, and creative thinking are considered specific skills required for the twenty first century workforce. Modern research in educational psychology has proved that it is possible to improve human cognition, that is, capacity to think creatively about challenges and opportunities, and to be able to generate creative solutions and transform solutions and transform solutions into action. This research attempts to develop a methodology for teaching literature which blends thinking skills with literary contents and uses literature as a tool to develop students’ cognitive abilities and improve their critical and creative thinking skills. The design of the study is experimental and it attempts to explore whether the application of creative thinking tools and techniques in a literature classroom can nurture students’ creative thinking or creative problem solving abilities and other higher-order thinking skills and thus enable them to have necessary skills to manage the problems and issues of the twenty first century. For the purpose of the experiment a cognitive teaching model is developed which is based on the research in cognitive learning and thinking skills. The sample of the study is 138 students of M.A. English at International Islamic University, Islamabad studying Romantic Poetry and Fiction II (Modern Fiction).
|Keywords:||Thinking Skills, Critical and Creative Thinking, Cognitive Abilities, Literature|
Assistant Professor / Incharge, Department of English (Female Campus), Faculty of Languages and Literature, International Islamic University Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan
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