Effects of Gender and Grade-level on Iranian English as a Foreign Language Learners’ Beliefs: Exploring Language Learning

By Samane Barkhordar and Mina Rastegar.

Published by The Learner Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This study investigates beliefs about language learning held by 200 Iranian learners of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) at Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman. The primary aims of the study are to explore what beliefs Iranian students hold about learning English as a foreign language and whether there are significant differences in belief systems among learners according to their gender and grade level. The Beliefs About Language Learning Inventory (BALLI), consisting of 34 items on a likert-type scale, is used to collect data. Results indicate that Iranian EFL learners have a broad range of conceptions both similar to and different from those reported in the current literature. It is further evident that learners’ beliefs about language learning have variability in terms of gender and grade level. The study also suggests that curriculum designers and decision makers as well as language instructors attend to the accumulation of learner beliefs.

Keywords: Beliefs about Language Learning, English as a Foreign Language, BALLI, Gender, Grade Level

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 18, Issue 8, pp.249-264. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.152MB).

Samane Barkhordar

Lecturer, Young Researchers’ Society, Department of Foreign Languages, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Miss Samane Barkhordar has a MA in TEFL and a BA in English Literature. She has 6 years of teaching experience at different language institutions, including ILI. She is currently teaching methodology, literature, and learning skills at Payam Noor University of Kerman.

Dr. Mina Rastegar

Professor, Department of Foreign Languages, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Dr. Mina Ratsegar has been an Assistant Professor of Language and Applied Linguistics in the Language Department of the University of Kerman for the last 25 years. Her professional expertise lies in the area of Psycholinguistics. Her research focuses on L2 learner factors-affective, cognitive, and personality. She is currently teaching research methods, methodology, testing, and advanced writing at both B.A and M.A levels.


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