The purposes of this study were: i) to study strategies of policy implementation to the first decade education reforms and their consequences in schools in Chonburi Province; and ii) to synthesize lessons learned from school practices. Four hundred and sixty-seven principals and teachers were selected by using both stratified random sampling and purposive sampling techniques. Data were collected from questionnaires and in-depth interviews. Research instruments were high content validity and reliability. All quantitative data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. Hierarchical stepwise regression was used to investigate effects of 19 factors on the success of the education reforms. The analytical narratives and inductive methods were used to analyze qualitative data.
The findings indicated that most schools set their work for implementing the policies of education reform in various ways. Most of them incorporated various strategies to the policy implementation too. The successful aspects were assessment for learning, curriculum and instruction, and QA. Those were differentiated among levels of partnership involvement and working system setting. Both academic qualifications of the teachers and principals, and the involvement of related educational reform units fostered the success of all aspects with high magnitude. In addition, all factors explained the success of the reform between 28.00% and 33.10%. The best practices schools showed were collaborative and comprehensive working and monitoring; rewarding could contribute to the reform’s success. The barriers to policy implementation were budget deficiencies, incongruous policies and practices, and teachers’ lack of knowledge about their jobs. Further suggestions for the second decade of education reforms should incorporate the lessons learned from the first decade of reforms.
|Keywords:||Education Reform, Policy Implementation Strategies Consequences of Education Reform|
Lecturer, Department of Research and Applied Psychology, Faculty of Education, Burapha University, Chonburi, Thailand
Instructor, Department of Educational Research and Psychology, Faculty of Education, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
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