The Split Attention Effect on Learning Outcomes in a Multimedia Learning Environment

By Yousra Rajabalee, Mohammad Issack Santally and Dorothy Cooshna-Naik.

Published by The Learner Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The split-attention principle states that, when designing instruction, including multimedia instruction, it is important to avoid formats that require learners to split their attention between, and mentally integrate, multiple sources of information that are separate in temporal or physical dimensions/locations (Mayer 2001). This paper investigates the effects on students’ understanding and performance by comparing the learning outcomes of students who learned from animation with text and narration that work simultaneously with the learning outcomes of those who learned from animation with on-screen text that appears at the bottom of the screen or at the opposite side of the animation and also compared them with the learning outcomes of those who learned from animation and on-screen text that appear successively after the animation, in a split-attention effect environment.

Keywords: Multimedia Learning

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 18, Issue 9, pp.257-278. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.227MB).

Yousra Rajabalee

Research Assistant, Virtual Centre for Innovative Learning Technologies (VCILT), University of Mauritius, Reduit, Mauritius

Youshra Rajabalee has been working for the past two years as a research assistant at the VCILT, working on interactive multimedia learning development projects.

Dr. Mohammad Issack Santally

Senior Lecturer, Virtual Centre for Innovative Learning Technologies (VCILT), University of Mauritius, Reduit, Mauritius

Mr. Santally is a senior lecturer and officer in charge of the VCILT at the University of Mauritius. His area of interest is educational technology. He has a number of publications in the field and has contributed to the VCILT to receive the COL award of excellence.

Dorothy Cooshna-Naik

Lecturer in Visual Communication, Virtual Centre for Innovative Learning Technologies (VCILT), University of Mauritius, Reduit, Mauritius

Dorothy Cooshna Naik joined the VCILT as assistant lecturer/lecturer in visual communication at the VCILT in June 2002. Her main duties involve the development of Online Courses, the conception and design of Web pages, interactive educational resources, Graphic Design, and Visual Communication related projects. She lectures on undergraduate and post-graduate programmes and modules. She has acted as project coordinator for a research project related to the conception, design, and development of a multimedia enhanced CD ROM on “History and Geography through ICT at the primary level.” She has been involved in several consultancy projects related to Open and Online learning. She carries out research in the field of computer mediated communication and pedagogies, multimedia learning, and Visual Communication.

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