Critical Holistic Educational Model: Re-constructing a (Post-Jammeh) Democratic Society in Gambia

By Abdoulaye Saine and Paula Saine.

Published by The Learner Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This paper critically assesses The Gambia’s New Education Policy (2004–2015), and by extension the Education Sector Strategic Plan (2006–2015). It is argued that The Gambia’s current political and economic environments are not conducive to meeting these policy goals, and in fact, undermine them. We propose that a critical holistic educational pedagogy predicated on democratic foundations offers the best hope for realizing the goals of “Vision 2020,” and the New Education Policy. The paper begins in section one with a backdrop of Gambia’s political development, and in section two, we briefly discuss education, past and present. In the third and fourth sections, post-coup education policy and the New Education Policy are analyzed, respectively. Post-coup economics and “Vision 2020,” along with the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are analyzed in sections five and six, respectively.
In section seven, we propose a critical holistic educational model that is the crux of the paper and bring into sharper focus aspects of the New Education Policy. It is divided into several sub-sections, which spell out components of the model: (a) socio-cultural (b) economic growth and development, (c) distributive/social justice, and (d) political democracy. The paper concludes with our final thoughts in section eight.

Keywords: Education, Critical Pedagogy, Socio-cultural, Economic Growth and Development, Distributive/Social Justice, Political Democracy, Democratization, Education, Reform

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 18, Issue 10, pp.311-326. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 958.104KB).

Dr. Abdoulaye Saine

Professor, College of Arts and Sciences, Miami University, Oxford, OH, USA

Abdoulaye Saine is a professor of African studies and international political economy in the department of political science at Miami University, Oxford.

Dr. Paula Saine

Professor, School of Education, Health, & Society, Department of Teacher Education, Miami University, Oxford, OH, USA

Paula Saine is an associate professor and co-chair of the department of teacher education at Miami University, Oxford.


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