How the Outside School Environment Affects Students’ Learning

By Muhammad Azeem, Azra Shakoor, Muhammad Bashir Gondal, Nusreen Mushtaq and Farhat Saleem.

Published by The Learner Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Most of the assessment activities in the past have been project driven in Pakistan. There is little institutional base either at the Federal or Provincial level to sustain assessment activities beyond the project timelines. Neither the traditional school examinations nor the external public examinations and selection tests for admission to institutions of higher education sufficiently fulfill the criteria of standardization and comparability required for a monitoring indicator. Punjab Education Assessment System (PEAS), Education Department, Govt. of the Punjab is responsible for conducting assessment tests for national and provincial purposes. Central to these efforts is the development of institutional capacity of the Departments of Education at the provincial and area levels to monitor standards of education. In 2008, PEAS conducted a large scale assessment in the subjects of math, science, Urdu, and social studies. 222 schools were included in the sample. 20 students participated in the large scale assessment. It was found that girl students’ learning achievement in Science and Social Studies was higher than boy students, which shows that girl students are more hardworking and eager to learn. A comparison of different grouped family strength shows that as the number of kids increases, the performance of students in Science and Social Studies decreases, which creates a scientific attitude and makes them think they perform better in all subjects. Whereas, on the other side, it appears that students who like Social Studies didn’t show good achievement in Social Studies. Those students who need tuition are weak in learning, and this can be viewed through their low performance in both subjects.

Keywords: Assessment, Student Learning

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 18, Issue 11, pp.329-346. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 891.427KB).

Muhammad Azeem

Assessment Expert, Punjab Education Assessment System (PEAS), Lahore, Pakistan

Mr. Muhammad Azeem is working as an Assessment Expert and Coordinator of Dessimination Strategies for District Wide Large Scale Assessment (D-WLSA 2011) at Punjab Education Assessment System, Govt. of The Punjab, School Education Department, Lahore, Pakistan. He has submitted his Doctoral Thesis at the Division of Education, University of Education, Lahore under an Indigenous PhD Fellowship from HEC Pakistan. His areas of interest are Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Testing. He has visited the School of Education, University of Leicester, UK as a Doctoral Research Fellow.

Azra Shakoor

Senior Subject Specialist (Math), Head of mathematics department (Senior school section), Queen Mary College, Lahore, Pakistan., University of education, Township Campus Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan

Mrs. Azra Shakoor is Assistant Mistress, Head of the Department of Mathematics, Cambridge and Senior School Section, Queen Mary College, Lahore-Pakistan. Presently, she is pursuing her PhD in the discipline of Mathematics Education from the University of Education, Lahore-Pakistan. She has vast teaching and research experience in the specialized field of mathematics teacher education, elementary mathematics teachers, acquisition of Algebraic knowledge, students’ learning mathematics. She is also a master trainer of mathematics at the Science Education center.

Dr. Muhammad Bashir Gondal

Senior Research Fellow, Punjab Examination Commission (PEC), Lahore, Pakistan

Nusreen Mushtaq

Senior Subject Specialist, Punjab Education Assessment System (PEAS), Lahore, Pakistan

Farhat Saleem

Vice Chancellar, University of Education, Lahore, Pakistan


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