Investigating into the Relationship between the Present Level of Tertiary Students’ Needs Relative to Maslow’s Hierarchy: A Case Study at the University of Mauritius

By Baby Ashwin Gobin, Viraiyan Teeroovengadum, Namratta Bye Becceea and Vittiyaiye Teeroovengadum.

Published by The Learner Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Today, much emphasis is put on the quality of the educational system as it is said that the future depends on the new generation. Though efforts are being made to provide for the holistic development of the student, there is still a lack of initiatives to cater it, as argued in the literature. In fact, the literature even points to the fact that the focus is presently on academic performance rather than Self Actualisation of the student. Needs at each level of Maslow’s hierarchy motivates the individual to move to the higher level, and this progression should continue until the transcendence state is reached. Our education system can be considered as a ladder and should help to continue through the different layers. A study was, therefore, done to evaluate the present level of needs of tertiary students relative to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and to see how much the needs of students are being catered for. A quantitative study was carried out and a questionnaire assessing the various levels of Maslow Hierarchy was administered to a random sample of students from the various faculties at the University of Mauritius. This paper presents the findings of the study that has been carried out. Recommendations on how to cater to the strongest need among students, that is, the need for Self-Actualisation, are given.

Keywords: Hierarchy of needs, Tertiary Students, Self Development

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 18, Issue 11, pp.203-220. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.040MB).

Baby Ashwin Gobin

Lecturer, Computer Science and Engineering, University of Mauritius, Reduit, Mauritius

Viraiyan Teeroovengadum

PhD Student, Department of Management, University of Mauritius, Reduot, Mauritius

Namratta Bye Becceea

Student, Department of Accounting and Finance, Faculty of Law and Management, University of Mauritius, Dagotiere, Mauritius

Vittiyaiye Teeroovengadum

Student, Department of Management, University of Mauritius, Rose Hill, Mauritius

Vittiyaiye Teeroovengadum is a student at the University of Mauritius. She has completed her degree of BA(Hons) Law and Management at UOM. Her research interests are in Quality Management, Legal Services, organization behavior and learning organization. Her degree thesis on “An assessment of quality of legal services” was awarded a distinction. She is currently completing a research proposal in view of pursuing a postgraduate Pphil/PhD research on the field of learning organisation.


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