An Analyzing of Cognitive and Metacognitive Strategies in Learners: Interactive Effect of Learning Environments as Physical Environment and Location as Social Environment

By Koorosh Parviz.

Published by The Learner Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The current study investigates the learners’ way of using cognitive and metacognitive strategies, and how interactively, locations (rural or urban) and educations’ environment could affect these strategies. The present sample consists of 241 female students that have been selected from both urban and rural regions of west Islamabad, Iran. All participants are divided into 4 subgroups: 1) Urban secondary school students, 2) Rural secondary school students, 3) Urban students of university, and 4) Rural students of university. Results show that urban secondary school students were using more cognitive and metacognitive strategies than rural secondary school students, but there was no significance difference between urban and rural students of university in using cognitive and metacognitive strategies. Finally, this research indicates a significant relationship between average of cognitive and metacognitive strategies’ grades only in urban secondary school students. Therefore, despite the effect of location on cognitive and metacognitive of the secondary school students, it was found that location (urban and rural) could not affect the rate of cognitive and metacognitive strategies between students of university.

Keywords: Cognitive Strategies, Metacognitive Strategies, Average of Grades, Secondary School Students, Students of University, Urban Students, Rural Students

The International Journal of Learning, Volume 18, Issue 12, pp.49-64. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 873.848KB).

Koorosh Parviz

Faculty and Ph.D. Student, Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, (Islamic Republic of), Payame Noor Universtiy, Ghilan-e-Gharb, Gilane Gharb, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Koorosh Parviz is a Ph.D. Student in the Department of Psychology at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.


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